Autism on the rise in New York City Essay examples

Autism on the rise in New York City Essay examples

Length: 1211 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

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Introduction
Statement of the problem
Autism treatment plans, treat autism as a psychiatric-behavioral disease, however, the ever-increasing population of children living with the disease require a multitude of supportive services that are not readily available. A multi-level treatment plan that encompasses integrated care of a physician, neurologist, gastroenterologist, nutritionist, psychiatrist, occupational therapist and a special educator is needed to treat the sleep and gastrointestinal disorders, nutritional deficiencies, metabolic and immune problems, seizures, psychiatric problems, and sensory sensitivities that range from mild to severe in children diagnosed with autism. The children who have extreme communication disorders and/or maladaptive behaviors require specialized care for their life’s entirety and must include highly specialized schools, appropriate day programs, residential opportunities and structured community integration (Hamlin, 2012).
Significance of the problem
According to the New York City Department of Education, between 2009 and 2011, New York City had a twenty-eight percent increase in the number of students with autism between ages three and twenty-one (Shapiro, 2012). New York City also reported that 1 in 110 public students in grades kindergarten through 12th grade have a diagnosis of autism (Shapiro, 2012). In a survey done in 2008, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1 in 88 children in the United States has been identified as having an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a 78 percent increase from 2002 (Centers for Disease and Control, 2012). Boys are five times more likely than girls to receive a diagnosis of autism with a rate of one in 54 for boys compared to one...


... middle of paper ...


...ters for Disease Control (2012). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from News Resleases: www.cdc.goc/media/releases/2012
Hamlin, T. (2012, April 10). The New York Times. Retrieved from The Opinion Pages: www.nytimes.com/2012/04/11/opinion
Health, D. o. (1999, November). New York State Department of Health. Retrieved from Understanding Autism: www.health.ny/gov
Lopatto, E. (2013, March 20). Bloomberg. Retrieved from Autism Diagnoses Rise Among U.S. Children: mobile.bloomberg.com/news/2013/03
Peter M. Rivera, Thomas P. Morahan. (2007, March 8). Assembly Standing Commitee on Mental Health, Mental Retardation and, Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved from Notice of Joint Public Hearing: assembly.state.ny.us/comm/Mental/20070226
Shapiro, J. (2012, April 2). DNAinfo. Retrieved from Autism Rate Rises 28 Percent in NYC: www.dnainfo.com/new-york/20120402


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