Autism And Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

Autism And Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

Length: 1747 words (5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 1908 the word “autism” was created by psychiatrist Eugene Bleuler and was used to describe a group of schizophrenic patients who had withdrawn completely into their own world. While the word “autism” has had many different meanings throughout the years all forms of autism now fall under the designation of Autism Spectrum Disorders. For me, the word “autism” is an explanation for the difficulty I have had communicating with people, my family included, since I was four years old. I was diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome on November 2, 2015 less than a month away from my twenty-first birthday I was excited and my parents were glad as well, but when I told a friend she looked worried and said “Why? That’s not a good thing.” While my friend is not the baseline for the general population’s reaction to autism, I feel that it would be beneficial if everyone were able to understand people with autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders instead of fearing them as some world-ending disaster.
While Eugene Bleuler was the first to use the word “autism” to describe patients that exhibited some characteristics of the criteria people use today to define Autism Spectrum Disorder the term was more properly used by Dr. Leo Kanner in 1943 when he wrote a report on a group of children who presented with a lack of interest in people, high intelligence, and good memory. However the children also showed sensitivity to sound and other stimuli, had difficulty adjusting to routine changes and spontaneous activities and exhibited echolalia, or the tendency to repeat words meaninglessly. Kanner published a paper on the children and defined their behavior as early infantile autism (Mandal). A year later in Germany Hans Asperger published his report on similar b...


... middle of paper ...


...ically typical people. For example, the tendency to fixate on a certain subject can allow a person to accomplish a lot while a stronger tendency to fixate prevents normal social interaction (Grandin 177). Another example of genetics playing a large part in the inheritance of autism is found in identical twins as research shows that when one twin is autistic there is an 80-90% chance the other twin will also be diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder with fraternal twins there is only a 3-10% chance because fraternal twins have different genes while identical twins share the same genetic makeup. (Halladay). However, Dr. Grandin proposes that if the genes that cause autism and other disorders were able to be removed from the gene pool then the world would be left with boring conformists that lack creativity because genius itself may be an abnormality (Grandin 178).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Autism And Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

- In 1908 the word “autism” was created by psychiatrist Eugene Bleuler and was used to describe a group of schizophrenic patients who had withdrawn completely into their own world. While the word “autism” has had many different meanings throughout the years all forms of autism now fall under the designation of Autism Spectrum Disorders. For me, the word “autism” is an explanation for the difficulty I have had communicating with people, my family included, since I was four years old. I was diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome on November 2, 2015 less than a month away from my twenty-first birthday I was excited and my parents were glad as well, but when I told a friend she looked worried and sai...   [tags: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1747 words (5 pages)

Essay on The Research Of Autism Spectrum Disorders

- The Autism Collaboration, Accountability, Research, Education, and Support (CARES) Act of 2014 is run by the Department of Health and Human Services with the help of the government officials including the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of Defense to research the autism disorder, create activities that help those with autism, and provide assistance with special services required by those with autism (Congress.Gov, 2014). According to Senator Menendez, this act has never received a rejection during the implementation of the passing of this bill, continuous unanimous votes were maintained throughout the development (Autism Votes: An Autism Speaks Initiative, 2014)....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]

Strong Essays
1090 words (3.1 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorders ( Asds ) Essay

- “Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are complex neurobiological and developmental disabilities that typically appears during a child’s first 3 years of life.” (Halter 2014) “The DSM-V defines ASD as a continuum of disorders that involve limitations in social relatedness, verbal and nonverbal communication and the range of interests and behaviors.” (Ward & Hisley 2015) The most obvious signs and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age. Autism affects over 3 million children worldwide....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]

Strong Essays
1065 words (3 pages)

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

- School based speech-language pathologists have many responsibilities in addition to delivering speech-language services to students who have communication impairments. School SLPs often serve large populations of students, including those who belong to specific populations and have a communication problem. Children with autism represent one of these populations that require the services of a school speech-language pathologist. When delivering services to children with autism spectrum disorders, there are a number of responsibilities the SLP must fulfill to assist these children....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]

Strong Essays
1318 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders ( Asd )

- From Barrier to Blessing: Lifestyle for Children with Autism Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are the deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior (American Psychiatric Association 70). The American Psychiatric Association is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States. According to APS (American Psychiatric Association 71), children with ASD become obsessively interested in a single object or topic. They often learn all about their preferred subject and discuss it nonstop....   [tags: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Autism spectrum]

Strong Essays
1480 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Autism Spectrum Disorders And Developmental Disabilities

- Autism spectrum disorders are considered to be "complex neurobiological and developmental disabilities that typically [appear] during a child’s first 3 years of life.” (Halter 2014) According to the DSM-V, ASD is "a continuum of disorders that involve limitations in social relatedness, verbal and nonverbal communication and the range of interests and behaviors.” (Ward & Hisley 2015) The most obvious signs and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between two and three years of age. Autism affects over three million children worldwide....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]

Strong Essays
1088 words (3.1 pages)

What Are Autism Spectrum Disorders? Essay

- What are Autism Spectrum Disorders. ASD’s are complex disorders of brain development. Nobody fully understands how to treat or deal with Autism. “To understand the mind of a child or the adult who is completely non-verbal, without oral, sign, or written language, you must leave the world of thinking in words. This can be quite challenging for many people. Our society functions though the spoken word” (Bogdashina page 93). Every case of Autism is different, so every treatment plan is different. Difficulty developing relationships with peers, difficulty communicating with speech, and repetitive movements are all characteristics of Autism....   [tags: Autism, Causes of autism, Asperger syndrome]

Strong Essays
1004 words (2.9 pages)

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

- When identifying children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, some key impairments that one might come across is related to social interaction and language. A common response that individuals with Autism are taught is referred to as a mand. A mand is a verbal response that is maintained by a characteristic reinforcer and is sensitive to motivating operations for that reinforcer (Skinner,1957). When we think about mand training intervention, it is simply prompting a child so that the child can indicate their wants and/or needs to their parents, therapists, and teachers....   [tags: Autism, Asperger syndrome, Communication]

Strong Essays
1235 words (3.5 pages)

Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

- Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders Autism has been on the rise in the past 20 years, and is getting dangerously close to reaching epidemic proportions (Zelan, 1). Statistically, Autism rates have been rising in the United States with Autism now effecting 1 in every 150 children ages 10 and younger (Zelan, 1). Autism can occur in any race and does not gender discriminate, though boys are four times more likely to have Autism than girls (Castrogiovanni). The causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Autism are the main aspects that most interest researchers today....   [tags: Diseases, Disorders]

Strong Essays
1672 words (4.8 pages)

Essay Autism Spectrum Disorders

- Autism is a form of neurodevelopment disorder in the autism spectrum disorders. It is characterized by impaired development in social interactions and communication, both verbal and non-verbal. There is an observed lack of spontaneous acts of communication; both receptive and expressed, as well as speech impairments. A person diagnosed with Autism will also show a limited range of activities and interests, as well as forming and maintain peer relationships. The individuals will display limited interests, which are often very focused and repetitive....   [tags: Autism Research Paper]

Strong Essays
1845 words (5.3 pages)