Autism : A Neurological Development Disorder Essay

Autism : A Neurological Development Disorder Essay

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What is Autism? Autism is a neurological development disorder that negatively affects a child’s ability to communicate and interact socially. Children with autism have trouble expressing their emotions; sadness, anger, love, etc. They also show significant signs of repetitive behaviors. Physicians will tell parents that children will start to show warning signs, or red flags, of autism at a very early age. While there is no specific diagnostic medical test that can determine whether or not a child has autism, these red flags help physicians determine if a child struggles with this specific disorder (Mayo Clinic 2014). There is still a lot to learn about autism, as there is no cure or specific cause. Autism is very impactful as it affects the children who struggle with it, and their families. I explored autism from its origin, to how it affects children today, and finally how it can be treated.
As I said before, autism has no pinpointed cause. However, there have been many interesting theories that have been presented as such. Most commonly was that made by Andrew Wakefield, a former surgeon and researcher. In 1998, Mr. Wakefield published a paper in The Lancet, linking the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR), to the cause of autism (Anderson 2012). The paper was later investigated and retracted in 2010 for being inconsistent in numerical data, and ethically questionable. While that theory may have been proven to be false, there is another that was particularly interesting to me. A study published December 2014 in Environmental Health Perspectives suggested that air pollution was a cause of autism (Reiford 2014). Researchers observed women and the birth of their children from 1990 to 2002. The results of their research...


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Autism, overall, was an extremely interesting topic for me. There is so much involved and concerning this disorder that is yet to be discovered. There are documented theories that relate to the cause like those I mentioned of the MMR vaccine, and air pollution, in addition to many more. There are new ways and combinations of treatment that are being discovered as effective in helping a child with autism grow and develop in the most successful way possible. Not to mention the accomplishments and struggles not only the child, but the family of the child, faces and overcomes in their journey of development. I believe that the future of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder is very promising and I have no doubt that with every day our doctors and scientists of the world are discovering new theories and ideas to diagnose and treat children with autism.


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