When come to the theory of power and authority, German sociologist Max Weber should be the first to be mentioned. ‘Weber’s principal contribution to the study of organizations was his theory of authority structures which led him to characterize organizations in terms of the authority relation with them…Under an authority system, those in the subordinate role see the issuing of directives by those in the superordinate role as legitimate’ (Pugh and Hickson 1989: 5) Based on this, Weber developed three types of legitimate authority:
‘1. Rational ground-resting on a belief in the ‘legality’ of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issue commands’ (legal authority).
2. Traditional grounds-resting on an established belief in the sanctity of immemorial traditions and the legitimacy of the status of t...
... middle of paper ...
...when Jackson and Carter find that these models can only be used in a certain environment, for example, in a internalization environment and give the conclusion that they are not particularly useful, this conclusion may be give too casual.
All in all, Weber’s theory of authority, (legal authority, traditional authority and charismatic authority) can explain most of the organizational behavior and his work still play a key role in this field. However, his theory still has some problems as mentioned before. He method of using the concept of authority instead of power may ignore the possibility of the abuse of power. And when using his model to analysis the real world, people may find that his three type may be too simple to explain all phenomenons. That means people still need to improve these models or to develop new models in the future study of organizations.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Organizational structure, along with the different elements it encompasses, is a significant factor in the overall design of any business. Establishing a clear picture of what a department’s responsibilities are, classifying job roles and functions, and defining where people fit into the chain of command, can make everyday tasks and decisions easier for both employees and managers alike. In addition, astute planning and organization can also have a large impact on a company’s bottom line, with an effectively organized company saving money by reducing redundancies and improving processes and work flow.... [tags: organizational structure]
766 words (2.2 pages)
- Introduction The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) is one of the largest transit systems in the United States. It is the ninth largest system, transporting over 550,000 passengers daily. MARTA provides bus and rapid rail service to the most of the metropolitan area of Atlanta. The transit agency was established in 1971 with the passage of an authorizing referendum by voters in Fulton and DeKalb counties and the city of Atlanta. MARTA is a public authority that operates under Georgia law.... [tags: transit systems in the United States]
1345 words (3.8 pages)
- Why Software Systems Fail 1.0 IntroductionIn this report I will be concentrating on the failure of software systems. To understand why software systems fail we need to understand what are software systems. Software systems are a type of information system. This is because a software system is basically a means for hardware to process information. Flynn’s definition of an information system is:"An information system provides procedures to record and make available information, concerning part of an organization, to assist organization-related activities."Humans have been processing information manually for thousands of years, but with the vast increase of demand for knowledge this century... [tags: Software Systems Computers Technology Essays]
4133 words (11.8 pages)
- When the internet was considered a global information system in 1995 millions of Americans participated in virtual communication. People began to communicate with each other and personal information began to be placed online by the stroke of the fingertips to their own computer. So the question is the privacy of individuals trusted online. Can people snoop around and see personal information. Of course people can if guidelines are not set in place to protect them. Public and private information can be complex when some individual(s) do not expect their communication to be read outside of their online community.... [tags: Global Information Systems, Internet]
901 words (2.6 pages)
- The Power and Authority of the Government Power can be seen as the capacity of a government to get its citizens to comply with it. Power is quite broadly used and can even be seen as obedience as this shows a deliberate self restraint of citizens that might otherwise resist the government. It has a direct connection with authority as authority carries the implication that the institution that has power is supported in its decisions by a substantial amount of people and therefore should be obeyed whether or not the individual agrees with it.... [tags: Papers]
842 words (2.4 pages)
- ... US common law is a law tradition, originated from England, is a collection of previous court decisions and customary practices which can be said that it may fill the gap in the disputes not resolved by the federal and state legislation (USDS, 2004). In accordance with the US Department of State (2004) the judicial precedent is applied when law interpretation is required. Therefore the court that is addressing the case may need to interpret a law as it was previously done by a superior court or other equal courts in a similar case.... [tags: Ancient Greek and US legislation]
943 words (2.7 pages)
- The California Youth Authority or the CYA as it is more commonly known, is an institution which provides a range of education, treatment, and training services for youthful offenders committed by courts. This system has been plagued by multitudes of problems for many years that need to be fixed. “The California Youth Authority is responsible for the protection of society form the criminal and delinquent behavior of young people(Hill, Legislative Analyst).” This is reached mainly through custodial control of these juveniles and the implementation of vocational, education, health, and mental health treatment services.... [tags: essays research papers]
1402 words (4 pages)
- Local Education Authority Summary I find it important to make a note of the distinct location and profound history of Belarus before we proceed into the summary and analysis. Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe which sustained unrelenting brutal damage due to the nastiest nuclear explosion in history. Belarus was severely contaminated resulting in the resettlement and relocation of 336,000 people. The Chernobyl explosion in April 1986 has left the country of Belarus completely abandoned and became relentless to newcomers.... [tags: Business Analysis]
1427 words (4.1 pages)
- In Machiavelli, The Prince, the underlying theme of obtaining political status by means of invasion, coercion, heredity and luck is portrayed throughout the text in various chapters. The main emphasis in a stable, self-governing society or state is to obtain a higher political status by any means necessary. There are many political strategies of obtaining fortune but the outcome solely depends on the circumstances and the approach towards this goal. The decisions made by man incorporated with favourable uncontrollable events and the foresight of catastrophes once combined or on its own would aid in the protection of a successful political authority.... [tags: Politics]
926 words (2.6 pages)
- Management Information System Statistical Research and Methods for Management Decision Abstract In this study, choices of respondent are evaluated to aid the Authority in preparing the scope of services to be used in an RFP for the selection of a Firm able to provide IT Management System services. Respondents participated in focus group as well as answer questions to a questionnaire that was tabulated that will aid in the sampling of data collection and data analysis.... [tags: essays research papers]
1284 words (3.7 pages)