Australia has 22 peering/public exchange points in or near Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane.v Peering is an interaction between multiple ISPs which allows for an exchange of traffic among various networks. As peering takes place, the ISPs do not charge one another for the transmission of data. Amid the multitude and variety of peering in Australia, there are enough interconnected networks that the probability of isolating or critically impairing any of the major ISPs is unlikely.
Three of the leading ISPs in Australia are Telstra, Optus, and iiNet Broadband. Telstra is the oldest and largest telecommunications/internet service provider in the country, offering an extensive array of products in broadband, media, global satellite, managed network, and global cloud services.vi Telstra is also a provider of essential services such as mobile and internet connectivity, and local and long-distance phone service to the majority of Australia’s businesses and private residences; this year, they are likely to resume drawing in vast numbers of 4G LTE mobile broadband customers as a result of having a larger network footprint than its challe...
... middle of paper ...
...rch 2014; Unclassified; http://www.zdnet.com/au/telstra-adds-another-739000-to-mobile-base-7000026275/
xxxi. Telstra Infrastructure; Telstra Cloud; 12 March 2014; Unclassified; https://cloud.telstra.com/infrastructure/International-locations
xxxii. Telstra Satellite/Teleport Service; Telstra Global; 12 March 2014; Unclassified; http://cdn.products.telstraglobal.com/images/documents/28ac740b35316a2bfd9aa56c909515a7-106-SatelliteTeleport-Service-Overview.pdf
xxxiii. BGP; BGP4; 12 March 2014; Unclassified; http://www.bgp4.as/
xxxiv. BGP; BGP4; 12 March 2014; Unclassified; http://www.bgp4.as/
xxxv. Peering; Hurricane Electric Internet Services; 12 March 2014; Unclassified; http://bgp.he.net/AS1221#_graph4
xxxvi. Peering Networks; PeeringDB; 12 March 2014; Unclassified; https://www.peeringdb.com/private/participant_view.php?id=1459&peerParticipantsPublics_mPage=1
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