Australian Health Care and Reform

3441 Words14 Pages
Introduction A country’s health care system refers to all the institutions, programs, personnel, procedures, and the resources that are used to meet the health needs of its population. Health care systems vary from one country to another, depending on government policies and the health needs of the population. Besides, health care programs are flexible in the sense that they are tailored to meet health needs as they arise. Among the stakeholders in the formulation of a country’s health care system are governments, religious groups, non-governmental organizations, charity organizations, trade/labor unions, and interested individuals (Duckett, 2008). These entities formulate, implement, evaluate, and reform health services according to the needs of the sections of the population they target. In the contrary, governments have the responsibility of ensuring all the citizens access quality health care, more so in public health facilities (Duckett, 2008). Despite the various forms taken by health care systems in the world, they seem to have common goals. These goals include the good health of their populations, equity and equality in health care funding among others. To achieve these goals, the functions to be executed include the generation of more resources, delivery of health services, and good leadership/management. This paper explores the Australian health care system, particularly its challenges, strengths, weaknesses, and the proposed reforms. The Australian Health Care System The Australian health care system comprises both the public and the private health sub-sectors. The health care system concerns itself with the financing, formulation, implementation, evaluation, and reforming of health services. The main sources of f... ... middle of paper ... ...For Public Health? Medical Journal. Retrieved on March 29th , 2011 from http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/188_12_160608/rus10476_fm.html. Productivity Commission (2006) Australia’s health workforce. Research report. Canberra: Productivity Commission. Retrieved on March 29th, 2011 from http://www.pc.gov.au/study/healthworkforce/finalreport/index.html. Turrell, G. et al. (2006) Health inequalities in Australia: morbidity, health behaviors, risk factors and health service use. Canberra: Queensland University of Technology and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2006. Retrieved on March 29th, 2011 from http://152.91.62.50/publications/phe/hiamhbrfhsu/hiamhbrfhsu-c00.pdf. Van Der Weyden, M. B. (2006) It’s Time for Change and Resolve. Medical Journal. Retrieved on March 29th, 2011 from http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/187_11_031207/van11312_fm.html.
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