In exploring the Australian Curriculum, it becomes apparent that this curriculum was developed to encompass a wide range of skills and abilities that will be needed to enable young Australians to become productive and successful members of society of the future. The influence of a range of different curriculum models and education theories has bought together a comprehensive overview of what the Australian education system will deliver and how this can be accomplished.
Structure and Scope of the Australian Curriculum
The Australian Curriculum defines the outcomes expected in specific Learning Areas, General Capabilities and Cross Curriculum Priorities (Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority [ACARA], 2010a). There are comprehensive statements of rationale that explain in detail what the aims of each learning area are and how general capabilities and cross curriculum priorities can be incorporated into the syllabus.
Learning areas consist of the core subjects that will be mastered, currently English, Mathematics, Science and History, with additional learning areas being developed. The learning areas are structured so that each Year Level builds on what was learned in the previous year and forms a foundation for further learning in the years to come (ACARA, 2010b). During the process of learning the core subjects, students are expected to acquire the skills, behaviours and dispositions which make up ‘general capabilities’.
General Capabilities are the underlying competencies which will equip students with the tools required to gain a deep understanding of the subject matter and to continue to develop and learn in to the future. The general capabilities of literacy, numeracy, Information and Communicati...
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Marsh, C. (2004). Key concepts for understanding curriculum. (3rd Ed.). London; New York: Routledge Falmer. (e-book) [Chapter 19,p. 199 - 212]
McDevitt, T., & Ormrod, J. E. (2010). Child development and education. (4th ed.) New Jersey: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
MCEETYA (2008). Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians. Retrieved from: http://www.acara.edu.au/curriculum/curriculum.html#2
Smith, M (2002). Jerome Bruner and the Process of Education. Retrieved from: http://www.infed.org/thinkers/bruner.htm
Victorian Essential Learning Standards (2009). Civics and Citizenship. Retrieved from: http://vels.vcaa.vic.edu.au/downloads/vels_standards/velsrevisedcivics.pdf
Wiles, J. (2005) Curriculum Essentials. A Resource for Educators. (2nd Ed). Retrieved from: http://edocs.library.curtin.edu.au/eres_display.cgi?url=dc60261633.pdf
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