Carl et al. (2011, p. 119) suggests that there are two primary models as to how laws were created (i) the consensus (ii) conflict models. While the consensus model of law suggests that laws arise when people witness behaviours that they do not approve of, therefore agreeing to make that behaviour illegal (Carl et al., 2011, p. 119). The c...
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...role (Russell, 2015).
Although, there are concerns that treatment programs in prisons aren’t as successful causing recidivism to occur as offenders are continuing to commit crime when released from prison (Lievore, 2004) particularly in Bayley’s case stated earlier. However, Tully, Chou & Browne, (2013) had conducted a study using a systematic review on the effectiveness of sex offender risk assessment tools and concluded that it is possible to predict sexual offender recidivism. However, it could be suggested the Australian criminal justice system had let down Meagher and her family (Lievore, 2004). Had the prison system properly assessed Bayley’s mental state (Small, 1992) while taking into account his violent past sex offences, it would’ve been clear that Bayley was unable to reintegrate back into society and therefore a risk to the general public (Miller, 2013).
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