According to Henry & Kurzak (2013), between the 1880s and the early 1970s, Australia’s immigration policies were enforced under the White Australia Policy; a policy that effectively barred non-white individuals from immigrating into Australia. However, after the Second World War, immigration into Australia more than doubled between 1967 and 1971, effectively forcing the government of the day to rethink its approach to diversity (Henry & Kurzak, 2013). The resulting effect was the dismantlement of the White Australian Policy in 1973 by the Labor government under the Whitlam administration (Henry & Kurzak). According to Knight (2008), it was during this precise period that the concept of multiculturalism in Australia was born. Not on...
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...granted that it is culture, and cultural groupings that are to be accommodated. Instead, multiculturalism places a wide range of claims of accommodation such as religion, ethnicity, language, race and nationality (Song, 2010). In the case of Australia, the acceptance of multiculturalism based on such far-flung claims has essentially resulted in the advent of politics of recognition among the minority groups seeking accommodation or integration in Australia. This is shown by Song (2010) who states that key among the claims fronted by Australia’s minority groups is self-government or at least some sort of recognition that affords such communities a form of autonomy. One key comparison is the aboriginal communities of Australia and those of Canada, whereby claims for recognition based on the uniqueness of ethnicity have left a bad taste in the mouth of white nationals.
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