Augusto Pinochet: Chile’s Controversial Dictator Essays

Augusto Pinochet: Chile’s Controversial Dictator Essays

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Augusto Pinochet was born on November 25 1915 in Valparaiso, Chile, graduated at the Military Academy at Santiago, and slowly rose through the ranks of the Chilean army. During his time serving in the army, Pinochet was a commander of a prison camp for communists, a military school lecturer and director, and a writer. In 1970 Salvador Allende , a socialist leader was elected as president of Chile and promoted Pinochet to the Commander of the Santiago Garrison. In over 3 years Pinochet helped Allende suppress opposition to Allande’s policies but Chile’s economy was in shambles because of them. Allande attempted to “nationalize mines, banks and strategic industries, split up large rural estates into communal farms, and impose price controls.” (NY Times) This caused declines in production which caused shortages of goods and rapid inflation Allande soon began to greatly trust Pionchet because of his help during crisis and appointed him as the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army on August 23, 1973.
But soon Pinochet soon began to question Allande’s authority. With the devastated Chilean economy and masses of people protesting, Pinochet ordered the military to take over the government. On September 11, 1973, within 18 days of being Commander-in-Chief, Pinochet ordered troops to take the capital Santiago and ordered an airstrike on the presidential palace which killed Allande. His actions were supported by the U.S. government at that time. Pinochet’s military coup seized complete power and Pinochet was its head. “Pinochet banned all political parties, dissolved Congress and scrapped the Constitution.” (NY Times) Socialist books were burned and the press was censored. Pinochet appointed military officers to positions of power like...


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...ictatorship that changed the world.



Works Cited

Minster, Christopher. "Biography of Augusto Pinochet." About.com Latin American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. .
Encyclopedia Britannica. "Augusto Pinochet (president of Chile)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. .

Infoplease. "Augusto Pinochet." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. .
Kandell, Jonathan. n.d., n. pag. .
Reel, M., and J. Y. Smith. N.p.. Web. 25 Nov 2013. .

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