Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essays

Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essays

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For more than 100 years, extremely hyperactive children have been recognized as having behavioral problems. In the 1970’s, doctors recognized that those hyperactive children also had serious problems with paying attention. Researchers in the 1980s found that some children had severe problems in paying attention, but little or no problem with hyperactivity at all. That’s when they started talking about two types of Attention Deficit Disorder: with or without hyperactivity. Findings suggest that in 1994 the name of the disorder got changed in a way that is confusing for many people. Since that time all forms of attention deficit disorder are officially called Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder after which a comma appears. After the comma, a subtype is specified: Predominantly Inattentive Type for someone with serious inattention problems, but not much problem with hyperactivity/impulsive symptoms; Combined Type for someone with serious inattention problems and serious problems with hyperactivity and impulsivity; or, Predominantly Hyperactive/Impulsive Type for someone with serious problems with hyperactivity/impulsivity, but not much problem with inattention. Even though these are the official labels, a lot of professionals and lay people use both terms: "ADD" and "ADHD." Some use those terms to designate the old subtypes; others use ADD just as a shorter way to refer to any subtype.
In the DSM-IV, the diagnostic manual of the American Psychiatric Association, there is a list of nine symptoms of Inattention problems. Almost everybody has some difficulty with some of these sometimes. Individuals who qualify for a diagnosis of ADHD have at least six of these nine symptoms and suffer significant impairment as a result. This mea...


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...eds of ADHD/I children. It will also encourage physicians, clinicians, and educators to provide more tailored interventions for children with ADHD/I. Addressing these problems children now face in a more specific manner can lead to great improvement in the areas of academics and behavior. There are also benefits for researchers as well if they were to separate the two disorders. One main benefit is that researchers can focus on which specific attention problems are more relevant for this group, regardless of their relevance for the combined group.
While the research article may display some serious implications for not separating ADHD/C and ADHD/I and keeping them clustered under one net, the research findings also provide sold points for separating the two. What is evident to me after reading this research article is that ADHD/I do not belong in the ADHD family.

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