Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Medication Essay

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Medication Essay

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According to the National Institutes of Health attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders (NIH, 2008). All children show the same symptoms of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, as they are clinically related, although children with ADHD show symptoms more severe and frequent. Children diagnosed with ADHD should take medication as a part of treatment because it helps control the associated side effects of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
The first reason a child diagnosed with ADHD should be treated with a medication is to control inattentiveness. Inattention is the predominate characteristic displayed by children with ADHD. Often the child will lose things, make careless mistakes, and is easily distracted. Inattention is caused by a neurological brain disorder in the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is the central management of the brain and controls focus and memory. These are executive functions that control attention and willpower. These functions depend primarily on two neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine. The release of dopamine promotes motivation from happiness. (Brown, 2005) Psychostimulant medications are made with one of these two chemicals allowing for treatment with reintroduction in the brain.
ADHD has often been debated as a behavior issue. It was first discovered in 1902 as a disorder by a British doctor, Dr. Still. He named the disorder “Defect of Moral Control” even though he did believe it to be a medical issue. It was not until 1922 when the disease was thought of as a behavior disorder. (HelloLife, 2009) Since that time, ADHD as it is known today has been often mistaken as bad behavior. The child will climb, ...


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... Horstmann, K. (2009) Teens with ADHD in school: A workbook for classroom support and managing transitions. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London.

HelloLife (2009) History of ADHD. Retrieved June 23, 2011, from http://www.hellolife.net/explore/naturally-treating-adhd/history-of-adhd/

Child Development Reference (n.d.) Mental disorders - disruptive or externalizing
behavior disorders, emotional or internalizing disorders, other disorders.
Vol. 5, Retrieved June 20, 2011, from Mental Disorders - Disruptive or Externalizing Behavior Disorders, Emotional or Internalizing Disorders, Other Disorders
The Ronald McDonald Learning Program (n.d.) Impaired executive functioning.
Retrieved June 18, 2011 from http://learningprogram.rmhc.org.au/learn-more/for-teachers/impaired-executive-functioning.php

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