Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and The Prescription a Psychostimulant Drug

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and The Prescription a Psychostimulant Drug

Length: 1101 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

‘Boisterous’, ‘energetic’, and ‘spontaneous’ were once adjectives used to describe the behaviour of normal, healthy children. These days, similar behaviours might be labeled ‘problematic’, ‘hyperactive’, and ‘uncontrollable’, often resulting in the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the prescription of a psychostimulant drug (Lardizabal, 2012). According to the DMS-V, ADHD is described as a combination of “inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Due to the nature of the symptoms, ADHD can significantly hinder a child’s ability to succeed in a school setting, both academically and socially, which could have dire implications for their future (Faraone & Biederman, 2001). With over ten million children in the United States currently diagnosed with the disorder, ADHD has been labeled an epidemic and this has lead to a significant increase in the amount of research devoted to determining its cause and treatment (Stolzer, 2007). The increased attention has also attracted a great deal of controversy, with medical experts questioning the safety of administering psychostimulant drugs to children. Although the evidence is often contradictory, due to an increase in the documentation of the adverse side effects in children caused by psychostimulant medication, as well as an increase in the evidence of nonpharmacological treatments successfully reducing the symptoms of ADHD, many parents have become reluctant in allowing their children to take the prescribed drugs (Isaacs, Watkins, Hodgens, & Zachor, 2002). This movement has sparked an increase in the amount of parents questioning their own level of responsibility in the management of symptoms of their child’s disorde...

... middle of paper ...

...ofeedback, 28, 63-75. doi: 10.1023/A:1022321017467
Sinn, N. (2008). Nutritional and dietary influences on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Nutrition Reviews, 66, 558-568. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2008.00107.x.
Stolzer, J. M. (2007). The ADHD epidemic in America. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 9, 109-116.
Swanson, J., Kraemer, H., Hinshaw, S., Arnold, L., & Conners, C. (2001). Clinical relevance of the primary findings of the MTA: success rates based on severity of ADHD and ODD symptoms at the end of treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 168-179. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200102000-00011
Verlaet, A. J., Noriega, D., Hermans, N., & Savelkoul, H. J. (2014). Nutrition, immunological mechanisms and dietary immunomodulation in ADHD. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 23, 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s00787-014-0522-2

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition in which a person not only has a great difficulty concentrating for more than a few minutes but also is inattentive, impulsive, and overactive” (The Developing Person Through the Life Span, page 310). Both children and adults are diagnosed with ADHD, but children hold a higher percentage of this diagnosis because the disorder usually appears in early to middle childhood. “The average age of ADHD diagnosis was 7 years of age, but children reported by their parents as having more severe ADHD were diagnosed earlier” (Web, CDC)....   [tags: symptoms, diagnosed, overmedicated, attention]

Strong Essays
773 words (2.2 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Introduction Experts have different views on attention deficit disorder also known as Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) regarding diagnosis, medication and dependency in children resulting from use of stimulant. Minors under medication to prevent ADHD have been on the rise for the last 3 decades in the U.S. The diagnosis of ADHD varies, some states shows a high percentage of diagnosis. Production of stimulants such as Ritalin for ADHD treatments is on the rise, with scientists explaining that it is recommended for treatment....   [tags: learning disabilities, psychology]

Strong Essays
1612 words (4.6 pages)

ADHD Stimulant Medication Abuse and Misuse Among U.S. Teens Essay

- ADHD Stimulant Medication Abuse and Misuse Among U.S. Teens Over the last decade, a new epidemic has risen in America regarding the sustained trend in teens abusing and misusing stimulant drugs prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), specifically Ritalin and Adderall. There has been an increase in the number of teens diagnosed with ADHD and practitioners prescribing stimulants as treatment. These drugs are known in the teen community as the so-called “study drug”. An alarming high percentage of teens that are not diagnosed with ADHD are using this drug in attempt to achieve academic success as well as abusing it for recreational purposes....   [tags: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, care]

Strong Essays
1273 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Exploring Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

- It can probably be said that the average adult thinks of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as just an excuse for not dealing with life’s issues or maybe it is just another way of saying “I can’t handle it” or “I’m so disorganized”. It may help to understand ADHD if we explored the symptoms, diagnosis, effects and treatment of it. The symptoms are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Inattention is indicated by a lack of attention to details, difficulty organizing tasks and activities, failure to follow through or finish set tasks, easily distracted, and forgetful in daily activities....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

Strong Essays
843 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder / Personality. For a typical person with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) sitting down to do a task such as homework can be agonizing, the physical act of staying in place, being as difficult as concentrating on the work. The person with ADHD may go on in life to have social problems because symptoms such as hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity, are mistaken as laziness or self-centeredness (14). The problems of ADHD often develop further manifesting as compulsive disorder, depression, school and job failure, relationship trouble, and substance addiction (5)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Strong Essays
1532 words (4.4 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children Essay

- Introduction:      Most people have heard of the term Attention Deficit Hyperactive (ADHD) disorder. “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder that interferes with an individual’s ability to attend to tasks (inattention), inhibits one’s behavior (impulsivity), and may interfere with a person’s ability to regulate one’s activity level (hyper-activity) in developmentally appropriate ways (Barkley 19)”. The most important job for teachers and parents is to separate fact from fiction, to clarify what we know and don’t know....   [tags: ADHD Disorders Research Papers]

Strong Essays
1889 words (5.4 pages)

ADHD - Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

- ADHD - Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder When I first heard about ADHD (Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder), I thought, “C’mon. This psycho-babble has gone too far.” I saw psychologists, researchers, lawyers, teachers, parents, all talking seriously about this claimed disorder. But what I didn’t think about was where this information was coming from. Many talk shows have featured ADHD, where self-righteous citizens cheer, boo, and hiss like a jury at some medieval witch trial....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

Strong Essays
2000 words (5.7 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Neurobiology of a Disorder or a Difference?

- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Neurobiology of a Disorder or a Difference. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a phrase that has moved out of the realm of pure science or psychology and into common parlance. Like depression, the public has a general and vague sense of the "type" of person who may have ADHD, and has heard the name Ritalin, the main drug used in treatment, bandied about. As the name of the disorder implies, its symptoms present generally as "inattention and a combination of hyperactive and impulsive behaviors" (2)....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Strong Essays
1837 words (5.2 pages)

Over-diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- The Over-diagnosis of ADHD In Bobby's second grade classroom, his teacher threw up her hands and said, "That is it!" On that very morning, Bobby leaped out of his seat seven times to go sharpen his pencil, each time accidentally colliding into other students desks and chairs, sending papers and books plunging to the floor. Bobby screamed out comments to every slightly comical part of the book that the teacher read. His teacher's last straw was when, after repeatedly kicking the desk in front of him, it toppled to the floor, spewing all it's contents to the ground....   [tags: Behavior Disorders, Psychology]

Strong Essays
2641 words (7.5 pages)

Appropriate Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

- Appropriate Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Education Political correctness and the constant fear of impending litigation from any number of sources has forced society to find other means through which they can control their children. Though other avenues for treatment exist, recent developments in educational and familial systems have produced a situation where children are over prescribed stimulant medications to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder for educational purposes....   [tags: Teaching Education Research Papers]

Strong Essays
2150 words (6.1 pages)