The incidence of this condition, especially in school going children, has been estimated to be around 3-7% in the United States of America. Research has shown that the number of children being diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder has been on the rise for the past five years. The prevalence of this condition has also increased in the past decade, by 10 % among families with low socioeconomic status (Hébert, Polotskaia, Joober, & Grizenko, 2013).
The exact cause of this condition is not completely understood. However, it has been highlighted that this condition is usually caused by a mixture of genetic and environmental factors.
The main cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can be explained by genetic predisposition. Researchers have outlined evidence to support the fact that ADHD usually runs in the family. According to research, it has been outlined that both parents and siblings of a child suffering from ADHD usually have four to five times increased risk of suffering from ADHD (Timler, 2014). This condition has been associated with an imbalance of certain chemica...
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and adolescents. South African Journal Of Psychiatry, 136-140.
Hébert, J., Polotskaia, A., Joober, R., & Grizenko, N. (2013). Adherence to Psychostimulant
Medication in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: The Role of Attitudes. Journal Of The Canadian Academy Of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 22(4), 317-323.
Kröger, A., Hof, K., Krick, C., Siniatchkin, M., Jarczok, T., Freitag, C. M., & Bender, S.
(2014). Visual Processing of Biological Motion in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: An Event Related Potential-Study. Plos ONE, 9(2), 1-11.
Timler, G. R. (2014). Use of the Children's Communication Checklist—2 for Classification
of Language Impairment Risk in Young School-Age Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. American Journal Of Speech-Language Pathology, 23(1), 73-83.
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