Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

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According to Hammond (2007), “As many as 70 percent of youth in the system are affected with a mental disorder, and one in five suffer from a mental illness so severe as to impair their ability to function as a young person and grow into a responsible adult” (Hammond, 2007). This is a reality for most incarcerated juveniles in correctional facilities across the nation. The majority of the juveniles who are placed in correctional facilities suffer from one or more mental illnesses. These mental illnesses could have been developed prior to be incarcerated or while in the correctional facility. According to Child’s Defense Fund – Ohio (2012), “Some common disorders among children in detention facilities include: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), substance abuse, depression, and bipolar disorder” (Child’s Defense Fund – Ohio, 2012). These disorders are not always easily diagnosed and treated due to lack of funding, treatment options, and mental health professional staff in juvenile correctional facilities. Studies of prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illness in incarnated juveniles is lacking in the research world. In order to be more aware of this issue, one must understand the prevalence of mental illness in juvenile correctional facilities, effective clinical interventions already being used, possible rehabilitative services, how mentally ill juveniles are affected by sentencing and the death penalty, and what current literature suggests about best practices for this population. According to Hammond (2007), we can understand and treat these needs by, “Active partnerships with the mental health community and other child-serving organizations can improve the care and treatment of these young people...


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...eir rehabilitation. The fact of the matter is that mental illness is prevalent in our nation’s juvenile correctional facilities and more needs to be researched and done in order to assist this population.
III. Effective Clinical Interventions
In the United States of America, very few juvenile correctional facilities have the capacity to work with mentally ill youth. There are a select few that can be considered satisfactory and meeting standards set by mental health professionals. The facilities that are capable of providing care for this population are practicing various clinical interventions.
An evidence-based intervention model that is commonly being practiced is Multisystemic Therapy (MST). This model focuses on the behavioral and delinquency concerns with the youth by intervening with the family system (Ogden & Hagen, 2006). This intervention is focused

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