Essay on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

Essay on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

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Presentation/Diagnosis
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder also known as ADHD is a disorder generally found in children. While more common in males the disorder also affects females as well. The most common presentation of the disorder is through behaviors of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and lastly impulsivity. While some children may only have issues with one behavior it is more common for all three to be combined. The most noticeable behavior for the disorder is the hyperactivity (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2016). Some actions that are associated with the behaviors in children are children may be constantly moving objects around with their hands or other body parts, they may tap on things with their hands and feet they may have issues with task completion such as homework or doing other activities. They may daydream more often when tasks seem boring to them (American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 2016.) While ADHD can be found on its own it can also be linked with other “about 20 to 30 percent of children with ADHD also have a learning disability such as a reading disorder called dyslexia, or disabilities that involve writing, spelling, or arithmetic” (American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 2016). While many children and even adults have difficulties with attentiveness and task completion ADHD may not be the cause of the problems. For a child to receive the diagnosis of ADHD there are specific markers that need to be met. The first one being that the symptoms must appear before the child has reached the age of seven, but the symptoms also must persist longer than 6 months at a time. The symptoms also have to affect the child in more than one aspect of their life such as school, home a...


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... therapies. Some common forms of therapy have been found to really help manage the symptoms are behavioral therapy. This type of therapy helps to address the behaviors that can cause issues in the individual’s life. Another common form of therapy is cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT. CBT can help the person to become aware of their own thoughts and feels and how they have an impact on the disorder. It is also common for someone with ADHD to be treated with medication to help with the imbalance of brain chemicals. Commonly individual will be treated with either stimulant to help trigger a greater release of dopamine and norepinephrine such as Adderall or Ritalin or a non-stimulant drug such as Strattera. Though all treatments need to be discussed and monitored by appropriate personnel to avoid any harmful side effects. (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2016)

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