Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

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Attention Disorders are becoming more and more common around the world. In fact, a study carried of the United States in 2013 showed that up to 11 percent of children aged 4 to 17 have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) at some point in their lives (Visser, 2014). With this significant amount of cases, it is imperative to have standardized tests that can help screen for and aid in diagnosis of the disorder. The Test Of Variables of Attention (TOVA) is a neuropsychological assessment that measures an individual’s attention while screening for ADHD. In general, the test is 21.6 minutes long, and is presented as a simple, yet boring, computer game. The test is used to measure a number of variables involving the test takers response to either a visual or auditory stimulus. These measurements are then compared to the measurements of a group of people without attention disorders who took the TOVA. It is important to note that this test should be used along with other assessment tools before a diagnosis should be concluded.
General Information and Description
Disorders of Attention
Since the TOVA measures variables of attention, it is often used to aid in the diagnosis of ADD. Attention deficit disorder, or ADD, is a psychological illness in which the individual has trouble paying attention and staying on task (TOVA, 2013). This issue is highly prominent; so much that is affect ones day-to-day life. Moreover, there are many causes and reasons some individuals find it extremely difficult to pay attention. Such causes include, but are not limited to, boredom, neurological problems, and other psychological abnormalities (like ADHD). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is distinguished from other...


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..., Jensen, Fraley, Heird & Rennie further examined the internal consistency of the TOVA with a larger sample. In this study, all of the participants were strictly diagnosed with ADHD as defined in the DSM-IV, for they met at least 5 of the 6 criteria. Moreover, while the coefficients were slightly less than those reported in the manual, the results are still illustrative of high internal consistency for the Visual TOVA. The fact that these coefficients were lower could be because of the differing means of obtaining a sample. The lab manual coefficients are based on normative data taken from a population of children without ADHD. Furthermore, the strict homogeneity of the Lorente et al. study may have had a negative impact on the observed correlations. It is important to note that the Visual TOVA upheld internal consistency within normal (non-ADHD) and ADHD data sets.

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