Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

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The two disorders I will be speaking about is ADHD and CD. The first disorder I will be talking about is ADHD, also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is said that “ADHD is a common behavioral disorder that affects about 10% of school-age children. Boys are about three times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with it, though it’s not yet understood why.” (Hasan, 2014) ADHD can affect many aspects of the child and although it may be difficult to determine there are certain patterns one can see in his or her child that shows early signs of ADHD. ADHD was first introduced to society back in 1902 when records show that George Still was one of the first to describe symptoms of ADHD. Although ADHD has some biological origins that are still not understood, no single cause has been linked to this disorder directly, but researchers continue to explore. Some of the causes researchers are continuing to investigate are genetic influences, which is indicating that ADHD is obtain through heritability. Another cause that is linked to ADHD is the early development of a child during pregnancy and birth. A mother who may be under the influence of drugs and alcohol can cause damaging effects to a child resulting in developing this disorder. If a child is exposed to these aspects than after birth it may be exposed to other environmental factors that may cause further development of ADHD. Most importantly is the Neurobiological factors, which states that ADHD appears to be related to abnormalities as well as developmental delays in the frontostriatal circuitry of the brain and the pathway connecting it with the limbic system, the cerebellum and the thalamus (Mash, Wolfe, 2002). Although these neuro studies may tell us that chi...


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...s all forms of a child with CD. Conduct problems are seen as resulting from the interplay among a predisposing child, family, community, and cultural factors operating in a transactional fashion over time.

Some common treatments associated with CD are Parent Management Training (PMT), Problem Solving Skills Training (PSST) and Multisystemic therapy (MST). The first treatment is PMT, which is similar to the one used for ADHD, just focusing on different objectives. PMT teaches parents to change the child’s behavior in the home and in other settings using possibility management techniques such as , improving parent-child interactions, promoting positive behavior, and decreasing antisocial behavior. It also focuses on enhancing parenting skills, like proper supervision, monitoring and child and most importantly improving parent and child communication with one another.

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