Attention Deficit Disorder ( Adhd ) And Anxiety Essay

Attention Deficit Disorder ( Adhd ) And Anxiety Essay

Length: 1317 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


College can be a demanding time for anyone, but for students contending with mental disabilities the endeavor can seem impossible. Psychology Today estimates that more than 10% of college students qualify for some neurological disorder. Two of the most prevalent psychological disorders affecting students today are Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADHD) and anxiety (Psychology Today). In this paper I examine the effects of both neurological disorders and the correlation in between the two in the human body.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a chronic neurobehavioral condition that occurs in millions of people on a wide spectrum of severity characterized by frontostriatal dysfunction (2). It causes hyperactivity, impulse control issues, and an inability to pay attention (source). While the cause of ADHD is still intensely debated by scientists, molecular genetic studies show evidence that a genetic predisposition to the disorder could be caused by dysregulation of neurotransmitter symptoms (3). Additionally, though scientists previously understood ADHD as a disorder exclusively found in the frontostriatal region of the brain, new neuroimaging studies have indicated that the condition is present in the cerebellum, the orbitofrontal cortex, the dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, the amygdala, the superior parietal regions, the thalamus, and the caudate nucleus (2). The new studies significantly expand the scientific community’s understanding of ADHD because while little is known about the frontostriatal region, other than the fact that it is responsible for motor, cognitive, and behavioral functions; extensive information about the the additional areas where ADHD is found could allow scientists to specifically tar...


... middle of paper ...


... presumably do not need external assistance in managing challenges, the University of Pennsylvania conceived a cognitive-behavioral therapy program that combines traditional cognitive therapy with specific activities to combat detrimental thoughts while building positive skillsets (CDC). Two medications have been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration; methylphenidate and atomoxetine. Both medications improve the brain’s ability to make temporal distinctions by focusing on the underactivity that has been shown in the brains of people with ADHD (ScienceDaily). Atomoxetine inhibits the norepinephrine transporter exclusively, and Methylphenidate inhibits both norepinephrine and dopamine transporters; obstructing the dopamine transporter and norepinephrine transporter, causing bigger concentrations of dopamine and norepinephrine in the synaptic cleft.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

- Introduction When a person thinks of Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), an image of a child or adolescent most definitely comes to mind; little do they know, this type of disorder is more complex than it seems. Being one of the most common childhood disorders that persists through a person’s life even well into adulthood, the symptoms of ADHD can have large impact on a person’s academic, occupational, and social performance. To gain a better understanding as to the current state of this disorder, this literature review will include findings on the history, diagnosis and treatments for ADHD over the span of the past few decades....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

- ADHD in Children and Teens Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral exemplified by chronic inability to pay attention as well as excessive restlessness and impulsivity. ADHD is divided into three subtypes in the fourth edition of the DSM-IV: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined (Schweitzer, 2010). ADHD is often perceived as a childhood disorder, however a majority of people do not outgrow ADHD. ADHD is most severe in childhood and can cause decisions to be made that affect the rest of the life of the person with ADHD....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

- The Truth about ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has become a common disorder that affects children and adults in all areas of their daily lives. In the United States, there are at least three million cases of school-aged children that have been diagnosed with ADHD and are using pharmaceutical medications (Haber 113). This intriguing fact has led some doctors to believe there may be other causes to ADHD, a cause that can be treated with counseling or therapy instead of pharmaceutical medications....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1203 words (3.4 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

- The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) presents Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) strictly factually and does not leave much room for disagreement. ADHD is currently a topic discussed in length throughout the psychology community, with some professionals claiming it is not actually a disorder. Many mental health diagnoses, such as the diagnosis of ADHD, rely on subjectivity. Just because a symptom is subjective does not invalidate it in a professional setting. Clinical major depression and clinical anxiety are both relatively hard to measure, but their existence is undeniable....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
807 words (2.3 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

- Abstract: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects one’s executive functioning; which is where you get your sense of order and structure. This executive dysfunction effects how people with ADHD perform on test used to identify language impairments. Twenty-five children with ADHD, twenty-eight kids with ADHD an identified language impairment, and twenty-four children without ADHD were given 18 task to evaluate their language. When compared all the children preformed about the same on every test with the exception of the CLEF-R Formulated sentences subtest....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1690 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

- ADD and ADHD are both terms used to describe attention deficit disorder attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. there are three known types of ADD/ADHD that afflict millions of children each year. ADHD with Primarily Inattentive type label is given to children who are oblivious to their surroundings and easily distracted. even though the word "hyperactivity" is included in the label, there is no real hyperactivity. ADHD with Primarily hyperactive impulsive type is considered for children with excitable and violent tendencies....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1338 words (3.8 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

- Does a child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have the ability to lead a normal or close to normal life and just what is ADHD. “ADHD is one of the most common disorders in children and it can cause them to have a difficult time paying attention and controlling their own behaviors” (“Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder”). “Approximately three to seven percent of school-aged children have this disorder and research has shown these rates to be as high as ten to fifteen percent in larger cities” (Austin, Reiss, and Burgdorf 1)....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1256 words (3.6 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

- In the early eighties, children were being diagnosed with a mental illness that consistently brings them out of focus. The mental illness was later named, ADD or ADHD, and not known as an illness but as a disorder. Soon enough ADD was no longer used for diagnoses and became considered an outdated term among doctors. Therefore, instead of ADD and ADHD being two different types of disorders they are now both claimed as attention deficit hyperactive disorder. Although these two types of deficits have inattention difficulties as the primary symptom, they both can not be combined due to ADD having its own preferences on what makes the child or adult inattentive in day to day situations....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1022 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

- As a student in the school system, there are many mental conditions that could affect how they perform on a daily basis. One of the most prevalent is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This is defined as “a disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity (Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine). There is much research that is currently being done on this subject as it does impact many students in the K-12 system. As of 2011, it was estimated that around 11% of students had been diagnosed with ADHD....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1625 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

- As he struggles year after year to “get everything right”, to get his homework “right”, and get his grades “right” or to behave “right”, he wonders daily “why can’t I get it right?” He tries very hard to do what is asked of him, but it seems as though something is just not “right”. He can’t sit still, he daydreams way too much, always getting in trouble for interrupting and can’t remember to turn in his homework. As his parents and teachers work to understand him, knowing he is struggling, they discover he is battling Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1661 words (4.7 pages)