Attention Deficit Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay examples

Attention Deficit Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay examples

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Since the TOVA measures variables of attention, it is often used to aid in the diagnosis of ADD. Attention deficit disorder, or ADD, is a psychological illness in which the individual has trouble paying attention and staying on task. This issue is so prominent that it affects their day-to-day life. Moreover, there are many causes of the inability to pay attention. Such causes include, but are not limited to, boredom, neurological problems, and other psychological abnormalities (like ADHD). Attention Deficit Hyperac2ivity Disorder (ADHD) is distinguished from other disorders of attention in that ADHD involves three noticeable groupings of problems that may manifest together or individually. These three groupings are (1) inability to pay attention and getting distracted easily, (2) hyperactivity and impulsive behavior, and (3) being disorganized. With this said, ADD refers to the presence of one or more of these symptoms. On the other hand, the diagnostic term ADHD signifies the neurological disorder as outlined in the Diagnostics and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV). It is important to note that results of the TOVA are not enough to warrant a diagnosis of ADHD or any other attention disorder. The TOVA is merely a tool that provides useful information to a clinician whom examines all relevant and available variables before making a diagnosis. In addition to TOVA results, a clinician might conduct interviews with the patient (as well as their parents and their teachers), review previous medical records, and so on.
The TOVA consists of two subtests: the visual test and the auditory test. These terms are self-explanatory: the visual test measures processing of visual cues while the auditory test examines the processing of auditory informa...


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... Jensen, Fraley, Heird & Rennie further examined the internal consistency of the TOVA with a larger sample. In this study, all of the participants were strictly diagnosed with ADHD as defined in the DSM-IV, for they met at least 5 of the 6 criteria. Moreover, while the coefficients were slightly less than those reported in the manual, the results are still illustrative of high internal consistency for the Visual TOVA. The fact that these coefficients were lower could be because of the differing means of obtaining a sample. The lab manual coefficients are based on normative data taken from a population of children without ADHD. Furthermore, the strict homogeneity of the Lorente et al. study may have had a negative impact on the observed correlations. It is important to note that the Visual TOVA upheld internal consistency within normal (non-ADHD) and ADHD data sets.

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