This paper will explore and define attachment theory. As mentioned by Melendez and Melendez (2010), attachment theory was first created by John Bowlby in his work based on attachment, separation, and loss. It states that Bowlby defined attachment as any behavior where a person wants to attain and maintain intimacy to another individual (Melendez & Melendez, 2010, p. 420). The article also mentions how Ainsworth later showed support of Bowlby’s notion with her observations and classification of attachment. Kerr (2013), comments that the three attachment styles that Ainsworth has classified are securely attached, insecurely avoidant, and insecurely ambivalent. Ainsworth would determine a child’s attachment by an experiment called “The Strange Situation”. Although Kerr does not mention it, insecurely ambivalent is also known as insecurely resistant. In this paper, attachment theory will be defined as a theory that deals with short term and long term interpersonal and affectionate relationships that we have with others and how we act, as well as deal, with these relationships.
For the rest of this paper, three different articles that involve attachment theory will be discussed. The first article deals with parental attachment and how it can influence college adjustment. It will be mentioned how the hypothesis which states that together, race and parental attachment are the best predictors of college adjustment, was supported with an experiment. The second article focuses on attachment theory from a cultural perspective. This paper will deal with how the article argues that attachment theory has Western biases, and does not fit with all cultures. The third and final article talks about teacher-child relationship and tea...
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... now know that it is important for teachers, as well as other adults involved in the child’s life, to form an attachment bond with the child. This in turn will lead to teachers and other adults becoming more of an attachment figure. In addition, we will become more aware of the Western bias of having attachment theory, and research on attachment theory, based on mother-infant attachment. Melendez and Melendez (2010) have shown that attachment bonds are not the same for everyone and that race/ethnicity matters. This will lead to new suggestions for counseling, programming, and policy to make sure that we take into account a person’s race, or ethnicity, when it comes to attachment. Making the research on attachment theory more broad will lead to changes in the field of child and adolescent development which will improve the quality of life in children and adolescents.
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- James Bowlby came up with attachment theory as an explanation of the mother child bond that had been the craze in the 1980’s. He believed that a child was normal and well adjusted if she was assured of her ‘caretakers’ support in her emotional state. If so then the child would have the ‘secure base’ needed to branch out and develop securely. (Ainsworth et al, 1978). His theory mainly stated that there is a critical period of time in which a child must bond with a caretaker in order to form stable bonds that would in turn shape their future development.... [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- I will now explain the types of attachments that have derived from Ainsworth’s work that are significant to this review. By using an observational method, Ainsworth formulated an assessment technique called the Strange Situation Classification (SSC) to explore the variety of attachment between infants. The sample consisted of 100 middle class families and the infants were aged between 12 and 18 months (Ainsworth, 1970). On the whole the experiment was to observe the infants behavior when the mother left her child alone in the room with toys, observing behavior when a stranger walks in the room and again when the mother returns and sits with the stranger.... [tags: Attachment theory, Attachment in adults]
736 words (2.1 pages)
- In this assignment I will be evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure and how useful it is to our understanding of attachment. Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth and Bell, 1970), developed the Strange Situation Procedure after she spent some time on her first initial studies on attachment. The procedure is ‘a way of assessing attachment security in a laboratory setting. It consists of a standardised set of episodes involving a child, their mother and a stranger in a sequence of separations and reunions.’ (Cited in Investigating Psychology, pg.... [tags: Mary Ainsworth, Attachment theory, John Bowlby]
1036 words (3 pages)
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898 words (2.6 pages)
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1224 words (3.5 pages)
- It has been proposed that infant attachment styles do not change after the first year of life, the following essay will argue against this prompt in that ones attachment style will change continuously throughout life. Attachment theory is based on the joint work of Bowlby and Ainsworth (Bretherton, 1992). In recent years the idea of ‘attachment’ has become and increasingly popular debate within developmental psychology (Bretherton, 1992). Attachment theory provides an explanation on how parent and child relationships are formed and the important role they play in child development.... [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]
2096 words (6 pages)
- Ainsworth’s study “Strange Situation” showed that bonding between mother and infant has an effect on the infant’s behavior and development. How mother’s respond to their infant’s signals is major in the development of mother and infant relationships. Ainsworth study investigated how attachments might vary between children, the nature of attachment behaviors and styles of attachment. Ainsworth theory was to help prove validity to Bowlby’s attachment theory that infants who experienced a secure attachment “is likely to see attachment figures responsive, and helpful”.... [tags: Attachment, Parent, Child]
779 words (2.2 pages)
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- Attachment Theories In reactive attachment disorder (RAD), normal healthy bonds between parent or caregivers and the infant are established or are broken (Bower & Atkins, 2012). Normally, by the eighth month of life, infants form emotional attachments to parents or caregivers: basic needs of affection, comfort, and nurturing are formed (Bower & Atkins, 2012; Davis & Palladino, 2004). There are many theories that serve to explain how healthy attachments are formed. However, this paper only considered three of them: two traditional attachment theories, and one contemporary attachment theory.... [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]
1334 words (3.8 pages)
- Attachment theory has had some very powerful theorists that have come up with these ideologies. In 1969, John Bowlby was the first theorist to develop the attachment theory. It is a theory developed to explain the emotional ties that children had with their parents or caregivers. It was believed that a child’s attachment style with a caregiver was developed throughout childhood and influenced how an individual interacts with society. It also gave an indication on what their parenting styles might be like, although this was not always a concrete indication.... [tags: Psychology ]
1736 words (5 pages)