Attachment Theory Of Attachment Between Parent Or Caregivers And The Infant

Attachment Theory Of Attachment Between Parent Or Caregivers And The Infant

Length: 1334 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Attachment Theories

In reactive attachment disorder (RAD), normal healthy bonds between parent or caregivers and the infant are established or are broken (Bower & Atkins, 2012). Normally, by the eighth month of life, infants form emotional attachments to parents or caregivers: basic needs of affection, comfort, and nurturing are formed (Bower & Atkins, 2012; Davis & Palladino, 2004). There are many theories that serve to explain how healthy attachments are formed. However, this paper only considered three of them: two traditional attachment theories, and one contemporary attachment theory. Specifically it would be discussed John Bowlby’s ethological theory of attachment and Mary Ainsworth attachment theory as the traditional models. As contemporary model the modern regulation theory proposed by Judith Shore and Allan Shore would be presented.

John Bowlby developed the ethological theory of attachment; this theory indicates that attachment is an adaptive process (Davis & Palladino, 2004). Bowlby believed that attachment progresses because of its adaptive importance; infants are secure when parents or caregivers are close. Therefore, Bowlby’s theory falls on the continuum of continuity and change. Bowlby considered that attachment evolves through four stages: (1) preattchement (birth to 6 weeks): in this stage attachment has not taken place yet since infants do not mind being left with unknown adults; (2) beginnings of attachment (6 weeks to about 7 months): in this stage infants start to respond differently to identifiable adults, but do not complain if separated; (3) attachment (7 months to about 21 months: at this stage, attachment is evident to their caregivers. Babies express distress when their caregiver leaves. And (4) r...


... middle of paper ...


... (2001) indicate that the maturation of adaptive infant mental health is positively associated with the ongoing development of attachment experiences over the first year of an infant’s life. In this manner, the MRT is linked to continuity. This is because the experience-dependent maturation of the infant’s brain allows for the emergence of more complex functional capacities for coping with stressors, particularly those from its immediate social environment (Shore, 2001). On the other hand, Lyons-Ruth indicates that substantial phenotype discontinuity in the behavior of aggressive children from infancy to preschool or school age, with the disruption of attachment-related affects and behaviors in childhood characterized more strongly by the indicators of conflict, fear, impotence, dysphoria, and sequences of unpredictable behavior, than coercive behavior intrinsically.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Child Development: Ealry Infant Attachment

- (Early infant attachment is an important phenomena to study as it is connected to later child development). Early infant attachment is linked to cognitive, social, and emotional development (Pallini, Baiocco, Schneider, Madigan, & Atkinson, 2014). These three developmental aspects are significant in one’s later mental process capabilities, the relationships formed later in life, as well as their psychological stability. The attachments formed with caregivers in infancy are vital. Bowlby stated, “It is our first relationship, usually with our mother, that much of our future well-being is determined” (O’Gorman, 2012)....   [tags: maternal-infant attachment]

Better Essays
797 words (2.3 pages)

Secure Attachment and Adulthood Essays

- To some an acorn is just an acorn, nothing more than a nut. The acorn with its tough leathery outside and rich amber color signifies nothing more than the commencement of autumn. To others it represents a great deal of potential. This tiny seed has the ability to endure many adverse effects including long periods of cold temperatures, drought, and human interference. The fragile acorn contains all the necessary elements to become the giant, majestic oak that has come to signify strength. When the conditions are favorable, the little nut will thrive and become an impressive adult tree providing oxygen and shade as nature intended....   [tags: Child Development, Infant Attachment]

Better Essays
1798 words (5.1 pages)

Essay about Attachment and Early Language Development

- Attachment theory is the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth & Bowlby, 1991). Drawing on concepts from ethology, cybernetics, information processing, developmental psychology, and psychoanalysis, John Bowlby formulated the basic tenets of the theory. He thereby revolutionized our thinking about a child's tie to the mother and its disruption through separation, deprivation, and bereavement. Mary Ainsworth's innovative methodology not only made it possible to test some of Bowlby's ideas empirically but also helped expand the theory itself and is responsible for some of the new directions it is now taking....   [tags: Parent-child attachment]

Better Essays
2630 words (7.5 pages)

The Importance of Attachment for the Children's Development Essay

- Attachment theory is the idea that a child needs to form a close relationship with at least one primary caregiver. The theory proved that attachment is necessary to ensure successful social and emotional development in an infant. It is critical for this to occur in the child’s early infant years. However, failed to prove that this nurturing can only be given by a mother (Birns, 1999, p. 13). Many aspects of this theory grew out of psychoanalyst, John Bowlby’s research. There are several other factors that needed to be taken into account before the social worker reached a conclusion; such as issues surrounding poverty, social class and temperament....   [tags: attachment theory, secure attachment]

Better Essays
865 words (2.5 pages)

The Parent Child Bond Based On Attachment Styles Essay

- Overview There have been many people who have tried to explain the relationship that a mother and a baby form. One such person was John Bowlby, who suggested that attachment is a mutual relationship between the infant and the caregiver (Parke & Clarke-Stewart, 2014). Infants use their parents as a secure-base so that they can explore the world, which is just the beginning the the infant-caregiver interaction. Bowlby’s contemporary, Mary Ainsworth also studied infants and established a paradigm to classify the parent-child bond based on attachment styles....   [tags: Child abuse, Attachment theory, Domestic violence]

Better Essays
1427 words (4.1 pages)

Attachment Theory For Personal Development Essay

- Attachment theory has been describe by many psychologist as an importance of attachment in regards to personal development, stating that the ability for an individual to form an emotional and physical attachment to another person giving a sense of stability and security which is necessary in taking risks, branching out, and growth to develop one’s personality. Attachment theory is attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners....   [tags: Attachment theory, Psychology]

Better Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

The Attachment Theory : The Work Of John Bowlby And Mary Ainsworth Essay

- The Attachment theory is the both the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Stresses the significance of "Attachment" as to self-improvement. In other words, attachment is a biological and evolutionary system that forms close bonds between the child and caregiver, particularly during times of stress or threat, that helps increase the odds of survival by ensuring parental caregiving and protection. Within the attachment behavioral system, Bowlby theorized that there are four phases of development that typically unfold during the infants first year of existence In particular, it makes the claim that the capacity for a person to shape an enthusiastic and physical "connection" to someone else...   [tags: Attachment theory, Attachment in adults]

Better Essays
882 words (2.5 pages)

Attachment Of A New Daycare Facility Essay

- Is it normal for your baby to cry when leaving them at a new daycare facility. Attachment in infants is common and normal, but as the child begins to grow, things should slowly begin to change. Attachment is an emotional tie to specific people that mainly begins with the infant’s parents, and/or primary caregiver (Ainsworth, 1973). In today’s time, there are many different people who become the primary caregiver, including, fathers, grandparents, siblings, daycare/childcare providers, however, during the mid-1900’s, researchers focused on the attachment between a mother and her child....   [tags: Attachment theory, Psychology, John Bowlby]

Better Essays
846 words (2.4 pages)

The Development of Attachment Essays

- One of the most important factors that affect child development is the relationship of the child with their primary caregiver. This is a tenet of developmental psychology known as attachment theory. John Bowlby, the creator of this theory, wanted to examine how early childhood experiences influence personality development. Attachment theory specifically examines infant’s reactions to being separated from their primary caregiver. Bowlby hypothesized that the differences in how children react to these situations demonstrates basic behavioral differences in infancy that will have consequences for later social and emotional development....   [tags: attachment theory, John Bowlby]

Better Essays
1742 words (5 pages)

Infant-Parent Interactions Essay

- Infant-Parent Interactions The baby and the mom are sitting down on the bed, while the mom is feeding the baby a piece of a banana. The baby begins to play with the banana, instead of eating it. The mom then starts to sing with him, and he kind of sings along in his own way, she sits down, and he does too. This shows how he follows what she does. When she sings and claps her hands, the baby smiles and giggles, he then runs to her and hugs her. He then starts walking away, she calls him but he doesn't listen....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
960 words (2.7 pages)