Attachment theory as defined by Harris and White (2013) examines the connection between infants and young children to their caregivers. Studying attachment is important in understanding behavior because it develops at such a young age and has an influence on all future relationships including dysfunctional family connections, challenges to adolescent peer relationships (Iwaniec & Sneddon, 2001; Reyome, 2010; ). As identified by Ainsworth (1982), there are three categories of attachment which include secure, avoidant, and anxious/ambivalent. In 1990, Main and Solomon concluded that a fourth category should be noted which they identified as being disorganized/disoriented. These different styles of attachment are theorized to have long-term effects that may influence the child’s future relationships such as how that person interacts with others, how they interact with romantic partners, and how they experience relationships and cope with difficult situations (Iwaniec & Sneddon, 2001). When a child has a secure attachment to a caregiver in their early years, they use this relationship as a model and they begin to build expectations based on this relationship. However, some theorists have questioned whether this is testable and whether children younger than 1 year even have the cognitive ability to form such notions about the outside world (Hinde, 1988). A secure attachment is seen when the child feels that the caregivers are there for it consistently with support and an emotional investment in the child’s well-being. An insecure attachment, either anxious or avoidant, develops when the child does not feel that sense of security and consistency from the caregiver. A disorganized attachment is usually seen in the case of a neglectful ...
... middle of paper ...
...g to this study, indicate the CBCL as a much more reliable tool for measurement and assessment of specific pathologies.
Finally, Peluso et. al. (2009) examine the similarities between infant and adult attachment, “mental schemas serve as a foundation for the expectations and beliefs from which individuals operate in their close relationships in adulthood” (p. 394). This study utilizes the BASIS-A Inventory (Basic Alderian Scales for Interpersonal Success-
Adult), a multidimensional tool used to measure a concept of lifestyle. This instrument was also found to have validity in providing information that can assist attachment theorists in understanding individual differences in their attachment style (pp. 401). This scale asks participants about the perception they have of their own childhood, relationships to family members, and the perceptions of family dynamics.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Developmental trauma can affect children in a multitude of ways. One of the ways trauma affects a child’s functioning is attachment styles and relationship building (Ziegler, 2012). A child 's relationship with a caregiver is critical, especially in early life. Through these stable relationships with caregivers, children learn to build trust for others, regulate their emotions, and interact with the rest of the world. When relationships with caregivers and important figures are seen as unstable or unpredictable by the child, they start to believe they cannot rely on others (Bratsch-Hines, 2015).... [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Attachment therapy]
1633 words (4.7 pages)
- Attachment theory and the role that attachment plays in healthy psychological development has long interested me. Research has shown that secure attachment produces positive long-term development (Bosmans & Kerns, 2015). Research is also showing that insecure attachment can produce various maladaptive behaviors, including anxiety disorders. Researchers Schimmenti, & Bifulco (2015) show compelling evidence linking anxiety disorders in young adults to insecure attachment styles. Schimmenti, & Bifulco’s (2015) hypothesis for their study was that parental emotional neglect during childhood increases the risk of anxiety disorders during late adolescence and young adulthood.... [tags: Attachment theory, Developmental psychology]
727 words (2.1 pages)
- It has been proposed that infant attachment styles do not change after the first year of life, the following essay will argue against this prompt in that ones attachment style will change continuously throughout life. Attachment theory is based on the joint work of Bowlby and Ainsworth (Bretherton, 1992). In recent years the idea of ‘attachment’ has become and increasingly popular debate within developmental psychology (Bretherton, 1992). Attachment theory provides an explanation on how parent and child relationships are formed and the important role they play in child development.... [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]
2096 words (6 pages)
- Attachment theory: The first theory that will be explored and further critiqued is Attachment theory a basic explanation of this theory is “Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space”(McLeod, 2009) The attachment between one person to another does not have to be reciprocal, this is because it is characterized by the specific behaviours in children alone, for example crying when they are hungry or upset when feeling threatened. The theory of attachment originated from the work of John Bowlby a psychoanalyst who “believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early childhood (McLeod, 2007) he suggeste... [tags: Psychology, Attachment theory, Family, Behavior]
960 words (2.7 pages)
- Attachment Theory Following the above line of research, Mikulincer and Florian (2000) demonstrated that attachment style influences the way people react to death reminders. For instance, secure persons reacted to mortality salience with a higher desire for intimacy in romantic relationships, while individuals who scored high on the anxiety or avoidance component reacted with harsher punishment for social transgressors. These findings imply that secure persons react to death reminders by relying on their attachment relationships.... [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Attachment theory]
1794 words (5.1 pages)
- This paper will explore and define attachment theory. As mentioned by Melendez and Melendez (2010), attachment theory was first created by John Bowlby in his work based on attachment, separation, and loss. It states that Bowlby defined attachment as any behavior where a person wants to attain and maintain intimacy to another individual (Melendez & Melendez, 2010, p. 420). The article also mentions how Ainsworth later showed support of Bowlby’s notion with her observations and classification of attachment.... [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth]
1309 words (3.7 pages)
- Attachment theory has been describe by many psychologist as an importance of attachment in regards to personal development, stating that the ability for an individual to form an emotional and physical attachment to another person giving a sense of stability and security which is necessary in taking risks, branching out, and growth to develop one’s personality. Attachment theory is attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners.... [tags: Attachment theory, Psychology]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- Attachment was derived out of John Bowlby’s research on children in orphanages and hospitals who suffered from consequences separation and loss (Ringel & Brandell, 2012). This theory postulates the mother and child have systems that interact with one another; the mother’s system helps the child self-regulate their system, which is activated after birth (Brisch, 2012). The mother offers the child safety, protection, and most importantly, security (Brisch, 2012). From this model, there are four types of attachment: secure, avoidant, ambivalent, insecure-disorganized (Brisch, 2012).... [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby]
706 words (2 pages)
- The Attachment theory is the both the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Stresses the significance of "Attachment" as to self-improvement. In other words, attachment is a biological and evolutionary system that forms close bonds between the child and caregiver, particularly during times of stress or threat, that helps increase the odds of survival by ensuring parental caregiving and protection. Within the attachment behavioral system, Bowlby theorized that there are four phases of development that typically unfold during the infants first year of existence In particular, it makes the claim that the capacity for a person to shape an enthusiastic and physical "connection" to someone else... [tags: Attachment theory, Attachment in adults]
882 words (2.5 pages)
- 1.O BACKGROUND This report has been written to help me achieve my communications unit within the course NC Early Education and Childcare. 2.0 TERMS OF REFERENCE I was asked to write a report on a topic that I thought I would learn from by Kirstie Egner. I chose to do it on John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment to enhance my knowledge and understanding of this subject area. This report is to be represented to the rest of my college group on 25th November 2016. 3.O PROCEDURES For this report I will be using research methods of – 1. My own notes taken from lectures 2. Books from the college library 3. Internet research 4.O FINDINGS BIOGRAPHY John Bowlby (born on 26th February,... [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby]
974 words (2.8 pages)