Following the above line of research, Mikulincer and Florian (2000) demonstrated that attachment style influences the way people react to death reminders. For instance, secure persons reacted to mortality salience with a higher desire for intimacy in romantic relationships, while individuals who scored high on the anxiety or avoidance component reacted with harsher punishment for social transgressors. These findings imply that secure persons react to death reminders by relying on their attachment relationships. In contrast, persons scoring high on either avoidance or anxiety dimension tend to rely on other defense mechanisms.
In addition to romantic partners, other age peers such as friends and family have the potential to become dominant attachment figures for adults. Throughout adolescence and early adulthood, friends and romantic partners gradually replace parents as the preferred source of emotional support and proximity seeking (Freeman & Brown, 2001; Hazan & Zeifman, 1994). Shifts in attachment tend to be a function of the relationship length, and only longer lasting friendships are likely to create close attachment bonds (Fraley & Davis, 1997). Enduring close friendships have the potential to develop advanced attachments.
Recent research investigated the role of attachment in older adults in regards to caregivers, by either focusing on attachment from the perspective of the caregiver (Steele, Phibbs, & Woods, 2004) or from the care recipient (Cheston, Thorne, Whitby, & Peak, 2007; Magai & Cohen, 1998). Attachment has also proven useful in understanding the emotional experience of older adults (Magai, Consedine, Gillespie, O’Neal, & Vilker, 2004). For example, Magai & Passman (1997) discovered a str...
... middle of paper ...
...son, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) and read a short story, acting as a delay or distractor for MS.
Following the distractor task, participants were asked to think of an important person in their lives that had been experiencing troubles recently. The important relationship will either be a family, peer, or romantic partner (Anglin, S. M., 2014). Participants will then complete the dependent measure. Participants will rate the severity of the problem and the importance of the relationship on a 7-point scale. The dependent measure evaluates the participants’ willingness to repair troubled relationships and the likelihood for improvement in the relationship. Based on the 7-point scale, responses will be averaged for each participant to create a composite score, higher scores will indicate greater severity, importance, and expectancy for improvement in the relationship.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- It has been proposed that infant attachment styles do not change after the first year of life, the following essay will argue against this prompt in that ones attachment style will change continuously throughout life. Attachment theory is based on the joint work of Bowlby and Ainsworth (Bretherton, 1992). In recent years the idea of ‘attachment’ has become and increasingly popular debate within developmental psychology (Bretherton, 1992). Attachment theory provides an explanation on how parent and child relationships are formed and the important role they play in child development.... [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]
2096 words (6 pages)
- Attachment Theory Following the above line of research, Mikulincer and Florian (2000) demonstrated that attachment style influences the way people react to death reminders. For instance, secure persons reacted to mortality salience with a higher desire for intimacy in romantic relationships, while individuals who scored high on the anxiety or avoidance component reacted with harsher punishment for social transgressors. These findings imply that secure persons react to death reminders by relying on their attachment relationships.... [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Attachment theory]
1794 words (5.1 pages)
- Attachment theory has been describe by many psychologist as an importance of attachment in regards to personal development, stating that the ability for an individual to form an emotional and physical attachment to another person giving a sense of stability and security which is necessary in taking risks, branching out, and growth to develop one’s personality. Attachment theory is attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners.... [tags: Attachment theory, Psychology]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- Attachment theory: The first theory that will be explored and further critiqued is Attachment theory a basic explanation of this theory is “Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space”(McLeod, 2009) The attachment between one person to another does not have to be reciprocal, this is because it is characterized by the specific behaviours in children alone, for example crying when they are hungry or upset when feeling threatened. The theory of attachment originated from the work of John Bowlby a psychoanalyst who “believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early childhood (McLeod, 2007) he suggeste... [tags: Psychology, Attachment theory, Family, Behavior]
960 words (2.7 pages)
- Attachment is an important aspect through the developmental stages of a child. It is the process through which an individual develops specific bonds with others (). John Bowlby theorized Attachment Theory, which focuses on a behavioral system that demonstrates the response of an adult when a child signals which can lead to a strong trusting relationship (). Through attachment infants develop strong emotional bonds with others, which can result in a more positive outcome later in life. Throughout the chapters of The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog, Dr.... [tags: Developmental psychology, Attachment theory]
1137 words (3.2 pages)
- Attachment Theory and Perry Matthew Perry was born to two loving parents before they separated when he was a young child. They had both been his primary caregivers, thus he had a strong attachment to both of his parents. However, when his parents divorced, his father moved to California, while Perry lived in Ottawa with his mother. Miljkovitch, Pierrehumbert, Karmaniola, Bader, and Halfon (2013) conducted a study that demonstrated how the loss of an important caregiver that has a secure attachment to the child, can cause the child to have troubles bonding to people in the future, for fear of this loss.... [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Attachment theory]
1178 words (3.4 pages)
- This paper will explore and define attachment theory. As mentioned by Melendez and Melendez (2010), attachment theory was first created by John Bowlby in his work based on attachment, separation, and loss. It states that Bowlby defined attachment as any behavior where a person wants to attain and maintain intimacy to another individual (Melendez & Melendez, 2010, p. 420). The article also mentions how Ainsworth later showed support of Bowlby’s notion with her observations and classification of attachment.... [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth]
1309 words (3.7 pages)
- The Attachment theory is the both the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Stresses the significance of "Attachment" as to self-improvement. In other words, attachment is a biological and evolutionary system that forms close bonds between the child and caregiver, particularly during times of stress or threat, that helps increase the odds of survival by ensuring parental caregiving and protection. Within the attachment behavioral system, Bowlby theorized that there are four phases of development that typically unfold during the infants first year of existence In particular, it makes the claim that the capacity for a person to shape an enthusiastic and physical "connection" to someone else... [tags: Attachment theory, Attachment in adults]
882 words (2.5 pages)
- Attachment theory as defined by Harris and White (2013) examines the connection between infants and young children to their caregivers. Studying attachment is important in understanding behavior because it develops at such a young age and has an influence on all future relationships including dysfunctional family connections, challenges to adolescent peer relationships (Iwaniec & Sneddon, 2001; Reyome, 2010; ). As identified by Ainsworth (1982), there are three categories of attachment which include secure, avoidant, and anxious/ambivalent.... [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Attachment therapy]
1036 words (3 pages)
- Attachment Theories In reactive attachment disorder (RAD), normal healthy bonds between parent or caregivers and the infant are established or are broken (Bower & Atkins, 2012). Normally, by the eighth month of life, infants form emotional attachments to parents or caregivers: basic needs of affection, comfort, and nurturing are formed (Bower & Atkins, 2012; Davis & Palladino, 2004). There are many theories that serve to explain how healthy attachments are formed. However, this paper only considered three of them: two traditional attachment theories, and one contemporary attachment theory.... [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]
1334 words (3.8 pages)