The Atomic Bomb Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay

The Atomic Bomb Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay

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Historians have long debated whether it was necessary for the United States to drop the atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki to win the war in the Pacific. The bombings were the first and only time in history that any country used atomic bombs to kill and maim people. The catastrophic result in the two Japanese cities forces one to call into question Harry S. Truman’s decision to use such force as a means to end the war. An investigation into the events and decision-making leading up to the release of the atomic bombs will uncover that the use of atomic weapons was unnecessary for the United States to win World War II. Testimony from Truman’s top advisors against dropping the bombs, the Japanese’s willingness to negotiate and the extreme devastation the bombs caused on human lives are the most important reasons why it should not have happened.
In an attempt to control all of the Asian territory, Japan invaded China in 1937. Japan employed cruel strategies that included killing a quarter of a million innocent Chinese civilians in their quest to capture China. The Chinese leader Chang Kai- Shek would not surrender to the Japanese, resulting in a stalemate that would last the remainder of World War II. The United States felt a need to help the Chinese without becoming too involved in the war, so they assisted China through loans and war material. The 1st American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force drew pilots from the United States Army Air Corps, Navy and Marine Corps. They were known as the Flying Tigers and were famous for their shark-faced nose art. The United States’ assistance to the Chinese upset Japan, and may have ultimately aided their decision to attack Pearl Harbor.  On December 12, 1937 in the Yangtze R...


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...he United States invasion or dropping the atomic bombs. They believed that Japan was weak and “folding” soon. General George A. Lincoln wrote in 1945, “The B-29s are doing such a swell job that some people think the Japs will quit without an invasion”. Dwight Eisenhower, General in World War II said he believed dropping the bomb was unnecessary saying, “I had been conscious of a feeling of depression and so I voiced to him my grave misgivings, first on the basis of my belief that Japan was already defeated and that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary, and second because I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives. It was my belief that Japan was, at that very moment, seeking some way to surrender with a minimum loss of 'face.

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