Ayn Rand entered the world as Alice Rosenbaum, a middle-class Jewish Russian living during the era of leadership under the czars (Heller 2684). A young Rand opposed the inadequacy of civil rights guaranteed to citizens under the czars, and the faint stirrings of thought that would later become Objectivism initiated during this period (Branden , B. 18). In 1917 the Rosenbaum’s pharmacy was nationalized following the victory of the Communists during the Bolshevik Revolution (Heller 2684). With the lo...
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... Fiction. Ed. Carl Rollyson. Volume 6. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Salem Press, 1983. 2684-2687. Print.
Hubbel, Jeremy W. “Criticism.” Novels for Students. Eds. Michael L. LaBlanc, and Ira Milne. Volume 10. Detroit: Gale, 1987. 14-17. Print.
McGann, Kevin. “Ayn Rand in the Stockyard of the Spirit.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. Eds. Jean C. Stine, and Daniel G. Marowski. Volume 30. Detroit: Gale, 1984. 302-303. Print.
Perkins, Wendy. “Critical Essay on the Fountainhead.” Novels for Students. Ed. David M. Galens. Volume 16. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 111-112. Print.
Rand, Ayn. Atlas Shrugged. New York: Signet, 1957. 722-779. Print.
Stine, Jean C., and Daniel G. Marowski. “Ayn Rand: 1905-1982.” Eds. Jean C. Stine and Daniel G. Marowski. Contemporary Literary Criticism. Volume 30. Detroit: Gale, 1984. 291. Print.
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