Essay about The Athenian 's Political System

Essay about The Athenian 's Political System

Length: 736 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

For centuries, Greece has produced innovations and advancements that set an example and high standards for other societies around the world. City- states in Greece, such as Athens and Sparta, led the way with their military, political, and societal advancements.

The Athenian’s political system differed from the rest of Greece at this time. At the beginning of the 7th century BCE, Athens was ruled by a monarchy, which soon fell out of thrown out control by aristocrats. After the monarchy fell, Pisitarious took over the Athenian political system and began to rule as a tyrant. He kept a strong grip on the Athenian’s trade, and in 1510 BCE, the citizens of Athens overthrew Pistarious. The Athenian’s created the council of 500 to supervise foreign affairs, and vote on the city state’s laws. This was the first time the Athenians tried to govern its own people. This council was controlled by all male citizens and held open debates on laws that were presented at the meetings. This council of 500 was created by Cleisthenes, an Athenian citizen, he set the foundation for democracy. Democracy gives the people authority over their own lives. (TALK MORE ABOUT DEMOCRACY)
Along with the political system, Athenian civilization was unlike any other city state in ancient Greece at the time. Women, slaves, and foreign residents were treated as second class citizens to Greek males. Women stayed at home to bear the children, and were frowned upon by society if them could not bear a male to carry on the family name. Aristotle wrote about the Athenian’s view on women, claiming “a woman is, as it were, an infertile male. She is a female in fact on account by an inadequacy”. It was common for a males to venture out of their marriage and have sexua...


... middle of paper ...


...in military service until the age of 60. Spartan women, unlike Athenian women had more control and power in society. Woman like men contributed in physical activities because it was “thought that is both parents were strong their children would be more robust”
Sparta’s political system focused on military strength and power rather than the Athenian method of education. Spartan government, unlike the Athenians, was an oligarchy. This government mainly focused on military affairs and army campaigns. Spartan society elected five new men each year, “responsible for the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens”. At the assemblies held, the two kings and elders debated issues occurring in society.Spartan military government limited its citizens to travel abroad because they believed citizens would “pick up new ideas dangerous to the stability of the state”.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Athenian Demokratia Essay

- In 508 B.C, a civil war in Athens ceased; giving rise to a new democratic constitution under the leadership of Cleisthenes. The changes made under his leadership and other subsequent reforms resulted in a relatively radical form of government for the time known as democracy (Hyland Lecture, 26/09/2013). Democracy is a system of collective decision-making in which the participants have equality at least at one essential point of the decision making process (Christiano, “Democracy”). Furthermore, the term ‘democracy’, which comes from the Greeks, literally means rule by the people....   [tags: Athenian Government, Democracy]

Better Essays
1681 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Athenian Er A New System Of Government

- The Ancient Greeks were nothing if not influential. Ever since it 's formation in the 8th century B.C., Greek civilization has impacted many of the world 's greatest thinkers and shaped the landscape of Western Civilization. Aside from their art and philosophy, the Ancient Greeks were particularly interested in politics and, in the case of Athens, a new system of government known as: democracy. Long before the American founding fathers declared their independence from Britain, Athenian citizens governed their own state and voted to solve political turmoil....   [tags: Athenian democracy, Ancient Greece, Democracy]

Better Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

The Era Of The Athenian Government Essay example

- The Athenian government started out as a Monarchy and switched into an Aristocratic Oligarchy, then to Areopagus, nine Archons, and finally an Ecclesia. An Archon was used during the aristocratic society, in other words, a king. He ruled through the Areopagus, the chief judicial and policy-making of the government [Andrews]. At the beginning of Aristocratic, there was nine Archons that ruled for life and held office for ten years. In 682 B.C., the rule of office became annual. The years progressed and two more senior Archons were added, the Archon Basileus, Chief Archon and the Polemarch [Demand 141]....   [tags: Athenian democracy, Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
1673 words (4.8 pages)

The Main Aspects Of Athenian Democracy Essay

- Government: Athens was one of the first places to develop the idea of a democracy. They experimented with the idea of a direct democracy where instead of electing a representative who voted on the citizen’s behalf, all citizens were able to vote for themselves. However, not everyone was a citizen. To be a citizen one must be born in Athens, male, landowning, and free-born. After meeting all the requirements they were able to vote on all bills and legislation. The assembly was a main aspect of Athenian Democracy, they had many jobs such as making public announcements, and voting on the primary issues of Athens....   [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Athena, Athenian democracy]

Better Essays
1139 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Pericles’ Funeral Oration: Athenian Exceptionalism

- ... He believes the division of political power equally amongst citizens inevitably leads to laws that benefit the Athenian people as a whole. This in turn increase overall equality, and by extension, social mobility. Such a government is a just government in the eyes of Pericles, and thus, a shining example of Athenian superiority. “[Athens’] administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the...   [tags: government, democracy, military]

Better Essays
1181 words (3.4 pages)

Political System Is The Most Ideal Essay

- Philosophers throughout history have come up with various theories to solve the issue of which political system is the most ideal. Each theory gave a possible system of government, which philosophers either agreed on or disagreed on. Philosophers either wanted the government to be a democracy, republic, monarchy, constitutional monarchy, communist or secularist. Some other philosophers argued that government constrains freedom and happiness, and an anarchy was suitable or even how the human was in the primitive state without any form of government....   [tags: Democracy, Monarchy, Government]

Better Essays
1542 words (4.4 pages)

Authenticity of the Athenian Democracy Essay

- The Athenian political system of the 4th century was somewhat democratic to certain extents in various aspects. The word democracy derived from the Latin words, `demos' which means people and `kratos' which means rule. According to Aristotle, democracy would mean freedom and that the sovereignty was in the hands of the majority (Sinclair 1988: 21). However, the term `democracy' cannot be aptly defined as it conveys different messages to different people. For instance, most of the Athenians thought very highly of their constitution and believed it to be truly democratic while some may argue otherwise (Jones 1957: 42, 99)....   [tags: Politics]

Free Essays
1123 words (3.2 pages)

The Delian League : An Unique Political System Essay

- The Delian League was an incredibly unique political system that would dominate the Greek world in the fifth century B.C.E. This dominance, maintained through the sheer military might of the Athenian navy, led to an unprecedented strengthening of the Aegean economy and Greek culture as a whole. Economic prosperity in Athens led to the strengthening of the Athenian democracy. Unfortunately, the whims of the Athenian Demos and demagoguery led to a massive weakness in the political system. Within the context of the fifth century B.C.E....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Greece, Classical Athens]

Better Essays
735 words (2.1 pages)

Athenian definition of democracy Essay

- Discuss the Athenian definition of democracy. Is the city state the only kind of state in which true democracy can exist. What happens to democracy when it is applied to a society with a large dispersed population. What are other examples of democratic societies besides Athens. Compare and contrast Athenian democracy with American democracy. Is the United States a democracy in the classical sense of the word. The ancient Greek word "demokratia" was ambiguous. It met literally "people power"....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Better Essays
1224 words (3.5 pages)

The Athenian Democracy Compared to Today's Democracy Essays

- The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the people."(Democracy Building 2012) The democracy in Athens represents the events leading up to modern day democracies. Like our modern democracy, the Athenian democracy was created as a reaction to a concentration and abuse of power by the rulers. Philosophers defined the essential elements of democracy as a separation of powers, basic civil rights, human rights, religious liberty and separation of church and state. The most current definition of a democracy is defined as a “government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their...   [tags: history, political science]

Better Essays
1895 words (5.4 pages)