The Athenian Democracy And The Roman Republic Essay

The Athenian Democracy And The Roman Republic Essay

Length: 1230 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The system of government we have today was starting to developed centuries ago by the Athenians and Romans. Both governments were established with the intent to give power to the people, even though it did not always play out that way in society. The Athenian democracy and the Roman republic were two very different governments in practice, but also maintained similar characteristics in both systems of government.
The Athenian government was a democratic government, which means it was ruled by the people to vote and have a voice in society. The democracy was slowly formed by leaders Solon and Cleisthenes. Solon took over when Athens was in political turmoil. He introduced new reforms to forgive debts, outlaw new loans, free people that had gone into slavery for unpaid debts, and also created a new structure in government. Solon organized citizens in four new classes based on wealth allowing the top two classes (the wealthiest) could participate in political office. This was the first stepping stone in creating a democracy, where it opened the door to new non-aristocratic citizens. Cleisthenes set the foundations for the Athenian democracy, which was backed by the people. He took power away from the nobles by organizing new divisions on the populations into ten tribal groups. Each group was allowed to elect fifty representatives by lot each year for a new council of five hundred, which extended the voting rights and representatives to most male citizens in Athens. A limited democracy was established when Cleisthenes took all power away from the nobles and Areopagus. They were no longer allowed to act like a supreme court, oversee the laws and government, or be the sole voice of the people. The major offices in the Athe...


... middle of paper ...


...trary the Athenians allowed anyone to be in government as long as they were a male citizen. A form of the executive branch emerged from both systems; Rome had two consuls elected by council and Athens had a council of five hundred men. They both had different regulations on who was able to be a citizen. The Athenians only granted citizenship to native born males, while the Romans gave half citizenship to Italians allowing them to have full rights, but were not able to vote.
The Athenian and Roman government may seem like they are very different, but they also have many similarities. From the beginning they both created systems based on the idea where people had all the power, but as time progressed the two systems went in different directions. Hundreds of years ago they formed systems that became a stepping stone in the government the United States has today.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The U.S. Democratic Republic, Roman Republic, and Athenian Democracy

- Throughout history there have been many different types of government. Most of them have been quite similar yet different at the same time. The U.S Democratic Republic, the Roman Republic, and Athenian Democracy are examples of this. All of these governments have different ways of making their choices on how to rule and control the ways things go in their country, but they are all in some way related. The U.S Democratic Republic Government has all three government branches. In the U.S you must be born within the U.S or complete a citizenship process to be a legal citizen....   [tags: comparative governmet essay]

Better Essays
819 words (2.3 pages)

Comparing US Democratic Republic, Roman Republic, and Athenian Democracy Governments

- ... A citizen is anyone who is born in the United States, as well as those who follow a naturalization process established by congress. The citizens have the right to prompt, fair trial by the jury, to vote in election for public officials, to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. Citizenship, and the right to run for the elected office. Also, they have the freedom to express yourself, freedom to worship as they wish, and the freedom to pursue "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"....   [tags: government, citizens, culture, laws]

Better Essays
633 words (1.8 pages)

The Similarities that Lie between our Governments Essay

- Throughout history several ideologies were acquired from different governmental institutions and implemented in establishing the United States Government. Both The Roman Republic and Athenian democracy have a great impact on our government today. The Roman Republic, on the other hand, utilizes many different concepts from different types of governments and executes it in its own government. Moreover, Athenian democracy shares a great deal of similarities with our government such as equality before the law, meritocracy, and open society....   [tags: Roman Republic, Athenian Democracy]

Better Essays
1371 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Modern Democracy And The Ancient Greek Democracy

- Go through the history, it’s not hard to find out the political systems in ancient Greece and Rome is democracy and republic. Parallel Comparing the modern democracy to ancient Greek democracy and modern republic to Roman republic, although they are almost different in the level of superficial, digging the root, the modern democracy and republic are derivate from ancient one. This article will briefly discuss the original in modern democracy form the ancient Greek democracy in two aspects: 1....   [tags: Democracy, Law, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1007 words (2.9 pages)

Difference Between a Democracy and a Republic Essay examples

- There is a fundamental difference between a democracy and a republic as it concerned the political entitlement of the citizenry. The citizens of a republic do not participate directly with governmental affairs. The citizens of a republic can however have a say in who does participate. The Roman republic has two prefect systems to prevent dictatorship which didn’t work. The Romans called their political system not democracy but republic. Republic is something that belongs to the people. In Rome the right to take part in the governing belonged only to the men and those who had the statute of being citizens....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
646 words (1.8 pages)

The Roman Republic Was A Better System Of Citizenship For Three Reasons Essay

- The Roman Republic had a better system of citizenship for three reasons. First Rome allowed more diversity. Second, the citizens enjoy better rights. Third Rome was all around kinder to it’a citizens. For a bit of background Rome’s citizenship system allows for all free native born peoples to become citizens this includes men, women, children, and children of free slaves. Rome also allowed peoples of these categories in conquered territories to become citizens. However Rome did not allow slaves or freed slaves to become citizens....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Slavery, Law]

Better Essays
1249 words (3.6 pages)

The Greek Of Greek Direct Democracy Essay

- The Greek direct democracy began as a new political construct of the reason centred world that had been brought about through philosophy at the time. The polis as they called it, was more than just a city-state, it was a community of citizens that came together to discuss rights and responsibilities for the whole of the people. Ancient Greece was a collection of almost 200 independent poleis. But to understand the full construction of the Greek democracy one must first understand that it started as a monarchy in c....   [tags: Democracy, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on The Greek And Roman Empires

- People consider the Greek and Roman empires as two of the most successful civilizations in history because of their various accomplishments. For Greece, their political, economic, and militaristic attributes were not only successful by themselves, but they also successfully affected future civilizations significantly. Similarly, in the case of the Roman Empire, there was a lot of success in the military, politics, and in economics. The assumption that the Greek and Roman empires were two of the most successful in history is accurate because of their various economic, political, and militaristic accomplishments during their most successful times....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
1550 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Democracy

- Democracy has become the most widespread political form of government during the past decade, after the fall of all its alternatives. During the second part of the 20th century, the 3 main enemies of democracy, namely communism, fascism and Nazism, lost most of their power and influence. However, democracy is still only to be found in less than half of this world's countries. China with a fifth of the total population "had never experienced a democratic government" and Russia still doesn't have a well established democracy....   [tags: Politics Political Democracy]

Better Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Democracy

- Democracy I. Meaning of Democracy II. Summary of Places and Dates III. Features of Democracy IV. Types of Democracy V. Early Democracy A. Athens B. Rome VI. Middle Ages and England VII. The Renaissance A. United States of America B. France VIII. Modern Times IX. Important People      Demos Kratia, or democracy, as it is used today, means “ the people rule.” A democracy is a form of government is run by the people of that country through elections and representation. A democracy is really a form of a republic known as a democratic republic....   [tags: Politics Democratic Republic]

Free Essays
1771 words (5.1 pages)