Assessment is vital to the education process considering that it allows teachers diagnose students’ difficulties, strengths and provide positive, supportive and useful feedback to learners since it measures not only the students’ performance, but also, the progress they are making (Lennon, 2012, p.4). In the same token, an article about classroom assessment states that “assessment is a systematic process of gathering information about what a student knows, is able to do, and is learning to do”. Moreover, the information gathered in the assessment process offers the foundation for decision-making and planning for instruction and learning. To sum up, assessment is an integral part of instruction that enhances, empowers, and celebrates student learning (Classroom Assessment, n.d. p.3).
Regarding the important role that assessment plays in the language classroom, the aim of the paper is to devise a formal progress test for assessing the communicative use of language of a target group. Therefore, to justify the test in relation to its theoretical basis, firstly, the type of test according to purpose will be presented. Secondly it will be discussed whether the test could be considered second, or third generation. Thirdly, the principles of language testing will be outlined in relation to the test designed. Fourthly, relevant scales. Fifthly test description and instructions for marking the test will be described and finally the conclusion will be given.
II. Test Type According to its Purpose
The test type is a progress test, according to Bachman (1990), progress tests supplies relevant information to make adjustments or modifications to the programme. This test was designed for a pre-intermediate class and it was c...
... middle of paper ...
... and classroom practices.New York: Pearson Education.
Fink, L. (2003): Creating Significant Learning Experiences. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Lennon, A. (Ed.). (2012): Assessment and Testing in the Classroom. FUNIBER.
Richards C. (2002): Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics Longman Pearson Education.
Classroom Assessment. (n.d.): Search on December, 15th, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/languages/spanish/s1tos4_found/assessment.pdf
Reliability and validity. (n.d): Search on December, 15th, 2013. Retrieved from the TKI, web page of Ministry of Education of New Zealand: http://assessment.tki.org.nz/Using-evidence-for-learning/Concepts/Concept/Reliability-and-validity
UNT. (2013): Assessment. Search on January, 10th, 2014. Retrieved from: http://web.unthsc.edu/info/200160/center_for_learning_and_development/2282/assessment
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The principles of Language assessment are principles that are used to evaluate a test, to create a new test or to make a better test. According to Brown (2004) these principles should be applied in formal tests and all sorts of tests as well. One of the main points in this book “Language assessment: Principles and classroom practices. London: Longman” is how to use these principle to develop a new test for students, but what are these principles. These cardinal criteria are practicality, reliability, validity, impact and finally authenticity.... [tags: Assessment, Observation, A Great Way to Care]
1213 words (3.5 pages)
- At Manhattan School of Computer Technology, when planning assessments to be taken by English as a Second Language students, teachers are encouraged to apply the principles of good assessment practices. We firmly believe, that assessment of English as a Second Language students (ESL) must be given attention at all levels in our school assessment policy. Moreover, the content assessments taken by ESL students must be reliable and valid. If all our teachers are to get this correct, improvement of educational opportunities for our ESL students will be achieved.... [tags: Psychometrics, Assessment, Linguistics, Validity]
1336 words (3.8 pages)
- Assessment Tool Assessments are an essential element of teaching (“Assessment Techniques,” n.d.). An assessment is “the process of collecting and documenting information on individual student learning” (“Assessment Techniques,” n.d.). They are used to indicate the child’s progress, their perceptions of others and their self, they specify the child’s weaknesses and strengths and they outline behavior patterns (Beaty, 2014, p. 2). There are numerous tools that can be used to conduct assessments. One of these tools is known as authentic assessments.... [tags: Assessment, Educational psychology]
702 words (2 pages)
- Introduction The concept of authenticity in testing and assessment has been defined in numerous ways. A frequently mentioned definition is the one by Wiggins (1993) who describes authentic tasks as “Engaging and worthy problems or questions of importance, in which students must use knowledge to fashion performances effectively and creatively. The tasks are either replicas of or analogous to the kinds of problems faced by adult citizens and consumers or professionals in the field” (p. 229). In language testing and assessment many experts believe that authenticity should be characterized by specific characteristics: practicability, reliability, validity, authenticity, and washback (Brown, 200... [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]
1288 words (3.7 pages)
- Listening was given a higher weight on this section compared to the weight of the reading on the previous section. This was done for two reasons, first because for an oral interview it is very important to understand the questions being asked and secondly because the teacher can specifically monitor the listening skills by asking the question again or in a different manner. This approach is difficult to evaluate reading because the assessment is completed independently by the student. Note that while this student performed well and received a composite score of 82 and a Good rating, she performed much better on the oral interview than she did on the written portion of the assessment.... [tags: Psychometrics, Reliability, Assessment, Test]
964 words (2.8 pages)
- Assessments Formative assessment. The goal of formative assessment is to monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback that can be used by instructors to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning. To be more specifically, formative assessments help learners’ identify their strengths and weaknesses and specific areas that need improvement. Unlike summative assessment, formative assessments assist educators’ to recognize and immediately address student’s challenges. Formative assessments’ are regarded as low stakes, which means that they have little or no value (Frey, N., & Fisher, D.... [tags: Assessment, Formative assessment]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- There are many purposes for which assessment is used for in regards to English language learners, “ Classification, program placement, monitoring of academic progress, and reclassification” are among just a few. (Syrja, 2011,1105) One of the biggest of the four is “Program Placement”. In order to place a child you must see if they need a program. Once a parent informs a school that a the child speaks another language other than English, a “Home Language Survey” is administered. If the survey results come back that the child is anything, but proficient in the English language a “State Language Proficiency assessment” will test the level of acquisition.... [tags: learning and teaching another language]
832 words (2.4 pages)
- Oral Language Assessment Oral language development is the foundation of learning to read and write. When we first make our big entrance into the world, our oral language starts developing. As we grow up, we hear all kinds of sounds such as words, songs, traffic and much more. Oral language is all about using spoken words to express knowledge, ideas, and feelings. According to an article called “Stay at Home Educators” oral language plays a tremendous role for literacy development. There are four great examples that they discuss in this article that I thought was very informative.... [tags: Linguistics, Language, Word, Reading]
786 words (2.2 pages)
- Language Test Analysis 1. Purpose of the test Was to expand the skills of professionals who will in turn impart this knowledge to speakers of second languages and form a basis for professionalism in language teaching as well as evaluate their as understanding of English language in a classroom situation. At the end of the test, the learner should have been able to construct future classroom tests for the assessment of linguistic competence (grammar and vocabulary) and the four language skills. My two tested subjects were a middle-aged Irish woman with O-Level education from her native Belfast High School and a 50-year old Jamaican immigrant who had lived in London for the better part of his... [tags: Language ]
1320 words (3.8 pages)
- Summative Assessment Evaluation It is hard to speak to parents and teachers about the education system today without talking about assessment and accountability. Education and assessment have been inextricably linked with one another since the release of the No Child Left Behind legislation of 2001. Despite how many feel about the increased testing measures our students go through, assessment in and of itself is not the enemy. When done well and done frequently, assessment drives instruction and helps teachers put the student and their learning needs front and center.... [tags: Assessment, Formative assessment, Education]
1587 words (4.5 pages)