A popular weapon used by both sides was the rifle. Rifles were invented before the Civil War and were greatly used in the War of 1812. However, more types were built and a larger amount was used during the Civil War. Rifles added a spin to bullets for a greater accuracy at longer ranges. Using this weapon, soldiers could fire 400 yards away, as opposed to the average 80 yards (Robertson 50). Rifles were the fastest and hardest weapon of the time. Rifles allowed their bullets to be shot harder and faster towards its target. New inventions, used by the Union more than the Confederate, included Parrott rifles. They were composed of iron. Robert Parker Parrott, an American soldier and inventor, created these weapons, hence the name Parrott rifles. Despite its name, the Parrott rifle was actually a cannon. Its size ranged from 10 to 300 pounders. It was not favored by most because it was considered unsafe (“Civil War Artillery”). Because of its bulkiness and heaviness, it seldom led soldiers to inaccuratel...
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“Civil War Artillery.” Civil War Academy. 2010. 17 January 2010.
“Civil War Cavalry.” Civil War Academy. 2009. 18 January 2010.
Heiser, John. “Big Guns at Gettysburg.” Gettysburg National Military Park. May 1998. 17 January 2010.
Melton, Jack W. and Lawrence E. Pawl. “Basic Facts Concerning Artillery.” Civil War Artillery. 2009. 17 January 2010.
Morgan, James. “The Most common Field Pieces of the Civil War.” Civil War Weapons. 16 February 2002. 17 January 2010.
Robertson, James I., Jr. Civil War! America Becomes One Nation. New York, New York; Alfred A. Knopf Inc., 1992.
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