Artificial Intelligence And Development Of Computer Systems Essay

Artificial Intelligence And Development Of Computer Systems Essay

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What is Artificial Intelligence? Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. AI was first modernly introduced in the 1940’s when the programmable digital computer was invented. This machine was based on the abstract essence of mathematical reasoning. This machine encouraged a minute group of scientist to invest thoughts into the possibility of building an electronic brain. In 1956 Dartmouth University held a conference regarding the further study of AI. In that conference a number of scientists believed that there would be a machine as intelligent as humans in the next generation. These scientists were also given millions of dollars to achieve this far reached goal by the British government. In 1973 Founding to these projects were cut. Seven years passed and the Japanese Government granted funding of billions of dollars to a visionary initiate and the Japanese Government continued with the funding until the late 1980’s when they too withdrew funding. This trend of funding and cutting continues on even today. With AI moving closer to the thoughts of the scientists at the 1956 Dartmouth conference there has been huge innovations and AI is being widely used. People absent mindlessly listen to the voice on the GPS, ask Siri questions about nearly anything, and consult with AI automated machines when calling a large number of customer service lines. Unlike fifty-nine years ago nearly everyone living in the modern world has contact with AI. Although machines are not as intelligent as humans, we can certainly see the improvements and adva...


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... misunderstanding this would be good in tasks such as operating a vehicle. Such jobs as pilotless cargo aircraft that travel from point A to point B and could run 24 hours a day. There are drawbacks however, If humans give intelligence and understanding to an artificial device then will the machine want to work for human benefit and can the device be switched off if needed. Who gets the right to choose to switch off the device and what happens if the device becomes more intelligent than humans by creating new algorithms or adapting it’s programing through learning. There is also the threat of replacement of activities in companies or industries by some level of AI machine or device could be on the need for a work force. AI devices taking over jobs could create unemployment for both skilled and unskilled workers as companies want more efficiency and great profits.


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