The artifact that I was given in class is of Bes. Bes was dwarf god in ancient Egypt and was originated in Africa. The artifact that I have is made of tamarisk, which is a native tree to Egypt and it was used for small statues and furniture. This material was readily available since it was a native tree to Egypt. Because it was a native object and a principal wood used by Egyptians, the cost of the material should have been extremely low if not free. The usual tools of the carpenter were the axe, adze, hand-saw, chisels of various kinds, the drill, and two sorts of planes, and nails, the hone and the horn of oil, constituted the principal, and perhaps the only implements the carpenter would have used. It would have taken a skilled craftsmen to the do the statue of Bes. I say this because of the detail of the statue. It would take years of practice to be able to master the skill required to make the statue of Bes.
It is hard to tell when the artifact I had was created, but the earliest known figure found was in the twelfth dynasty, found in Kahun. The object has been found throughout Egyptian history since then. He changed at some point in the New kingdom from a god that was loving and watched over things like child birth and gave protection to one of vengeance that carried knifes in both hands. I am going to stick with my object that was present first that did not possess knifes and was that was more passionate. Bes was supposed to be present in the chambers and places where children were born, and he seems to have been regarded as a protector of children and youths, and a god who studied to find them pleasure and amusement.
One of the oldest representations of Bes is in found in the the famous temple of Hatshepsut at D...
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...and projecting genitals and short legs, and just being an overall ugly depiction. My artifact, as well as the temples and many other artifacts in Ancient Egypt show us how skilled these people were with their hands and minds. This artifact also shows how important people’s homes were to them. They placed Bes at the front of their house to protect them from evil spirits, showing how important family was to these people. Egyptian society also held dwarfs in high esteem. Society seemed to be very tolerant of people with disabilities. Like a lot of societies this artifact can show how different gods played different roles in people’s lives and that religion was an important thing in people’s lives. My artifact does not even begin to tell everything about Ancient Egyptian history and society, but it does give a person a great glimpse into the life’s of ancient Egyptians.
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