In the past there has been some research into the development and functions of sign language being used among infants and children with learning disabilities. However, past research has been limited. For instance, in past research there has been a lack of recorded observations during training sessions. This is one of the areas this study sought to research. Additionally, this article was the first to observe children that have not been diagnosed with a learning disability. The objective of this article was “to test for generalization in controlled situations and to assess the specific variables that controlled signing after structured sign training” (Normand, Machado, Hustyi, and Morley, 2011, p. 306). This studies hypothesis was that the infant participants will be able to gain signing skills quickly and within limited training sessions. This hypothesis was developed by the positive support of previous research that was conducted through similar methods.
Only 3 children were used for the sample size. The sample size consisted of 2 females and 1 male. The male participant and one of the female participants were 8 months old. The second female participant was 15 months old. None of the participants had learned how to verbally use language. However, the male participant in the past had occasionally used his own hand gestures to communicate his wants. The experiments took place in a different location for each participant. For the oldest female and the male participants the experiments took place in their own homes. For the youngest female participant the experiment took place at a local day-care which the participant regularly attended. All sessions were conduc...
... middle of paper ...
... multiple times a week. This would make it much more difficult for the researchers to make time to travel to each location. One result that was concerning was the observers agreement results during the training sessions. For the training sessions the interobserver agreement scores were 89%, 73%, and 59%. The most concerning score was the male participant agreement score of 59%. The lower percentage means the researchers had a large amount of disagreement about the behaviors observed. However, the observer’s agreement results during the testing session were more promising. For the test sessions the interobserver agreement scores were 100%, 90% and 100%. Therefore, the researchers had almost complete agreement on when the independent signing was being performed. Overall, this study is not sufficient enough to be able to confidently support or oppose the hypothesis.
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