Article Analysis : An Argument Of The Policy Positions Of Political Actors For Informal Reasons

Article Analysis : An Argument Of The Policy Positions Of Political Actors For Informal Reasons

Length: 795 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Article Critique #2
Many people try to determine the policy positions of political actors for informal reasons. The article Extracting Policy Positions from Political Texts Using Words as Data by Michael Laver and Kenneth Benoit explains the special method of treating data in the form of words as opposed to more traditional methods of data gathering. They use A Priori Approach in combination with different methods to operationalize this experiment. This based more on theoretical deduction instead of observation. The authors also reference back to know material to compare with unknown material. The experiments used are based on a sample model to help understand what they are studying before going to a real world study. They also use a set of guidelines which they follow to ensure that their data is consistent. The question is whether or not this method of A Priori actually works and if the methods they use are supported by the data from the experiment. Their variables are the reference texts and the virgin texts and their significance towards one another.

Most important part of this article has to be the data gathering process and how they operationalize their experiment. They use difference methods within the approach of A Priori. To calculate the policy position score of the referenced text that they use, they use relative frequencies to do this. This helps them formulate the score by theoretical deduction instead of empirical observation. Although the word scores tell them nothing new about the familiar text, The main “interest is in the virgin texts about which we have no information at all” (Laver et al., 2003). The reference text may not hold new information, but it is important to select the correct ones in order to be ...

... middle of paper ...

...ial for them. In contrast, it also has flaws in it. One minor flaw that I see is that it relies a little too much on “confident estimates”. They could use more concrete information to help further their explanation then relying on estimates made. In turn, they are doing a nontraditional way to this approach which is harder to formulate, these estimates may help.

In conclusion, the article has many great points that effectively show how they proceduralize and operationalize their experiment. The use of a nontraditional form helped to avoid error and helped them achieve good plausible results. With the use of their procedural methods and clear outlines they efficiently conducted the research. The errors involved were also accounted for correctly. In the end Laver’s “language blind” word scoring technique and other methods blended together to give supporting evidence.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

‘An Act is Political when performed by a Politician.’ Essays

- When is an act classed as political. Does the act have to be performed by politicians or can an act be deemed political when it is between ordinary people down the local pub. Are political acts purely in the hands of politicians. This article aims to discuss where politics occurs; looking at various influences that theories have put forward and how the information age has undermined the title statement. Jef Huysmans, in ‘What is Politics,’ (2005: 43) states that the most likely place for politics to happen are with political individuals in political institutions, stating that “the obvious answer is in national and regional parliaments.” Politics most certainly happens in these places and the...   [tags: Political Science]

Strong Essays
1437 words (4.1 pages)

An Argument for Conservatism Essay

- Neoconservatism is a variant of the conservative ideology which holds positions that fall between traditional and individualistic conservatism (Ball and Dagger, 2011b, p. 113). Many of the ideas and beliefs that neoconservatives hold, which continue to evolve today, were developed in the 1970s by “disillusioned liberal intellectuals” as a result of the tumultuous societal conditions that were occurring in the United States at the time (Ball and Dagger, 2011a, p. 170). To elaborate more fully, author Irving Kristol, the man known as the godfather of neoconservatives, says, “Many neoconservatives can be described as disenchanted welfare liberals....   [tags: neoconservatism, conservative ideology]

Strong Essays
1371 words (3.9 pages)

The Argument for and Against Gender Quotas Essay

- Discuss the arguments for and against gender quotas aimed at increasing the percentage of women in national parliaments. Consider the implications of your argument for different quota systems. The debate regarding gender identities in politics is today a protruding aspect in our society. Both the domestic and international gender roles and norms are central in the developments in the field of political science and International Relations. The inclusion of women into formal politics through quota systems is one of the key issues in focus for both the current societal debate as well as much of the academic work in the field....   [tags: gender identities, affirmative actions]

Strong Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Argument Against Accepting Refuges And Will Outline

- Globally thirty million people have fled their homes in search of safety, and for the numerous this safety cannot be granted. A refugee is a term that applies to any person who has a well-rounded fear of being prosecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality and a membership of a particular group or political opinion. Since 1976, twenty eight thousand refugees have arrived in Australia by boat, they account for just two percent of the Australian immigrant intake. The issue of whether we ought to allow refugees into our country is one of the tremendous debates of our time....   [tags: Refugee, Australia, Canada, Immigration]

Strong Essays
1701 words (4.9 pages)

Essay on Polity: Political Culture and the Nature of Politics

- ... The subordinate only has the direction of the commanding officer to lean on and maybe his own moral compass if he has one. We have seen in previous chapters that people are willing to get ahead for their own selfish reasons. And when someone is in a higher position with higher power, they are able to have a blind eye turned for them because of connections. Which falls into my next point of the inequality of access when it comes to the positions of bureaucracies. We have discussed in class and agreed upon the fact that this government and these systems have been started by and are being run by rich white men....   [tags: bureaucracies, corruption, government, analysis]

Strong Essays
1128 words (3.2 pages)

Why Sociologists Make The Argument That The Structure And State Of Our World Can Not Be Examined Without History

- There are many reasons why sociologists make the argument that the structure and state of our world cannot be examined without history. One of the main reasons why sociologist make this argument, is because they believe that the social injustices of history have molded the social injustices that are present in our current society. However, the only way to prove that history has formed the social concepts that are present today is by looking back in history and matching up the social problems of the past with the social problems of today....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Pierre Bourdieu]

Strong Essays
1184 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In Plato’s Republic, the main argument is dedicated to answering Glaucon and Adeimantus, who question the reason for just behavior. They argue it is against one’s self-interest to be just, but Plato believes the behavior is in fact in one’s self-interest because justice is inherently good. Plato tries to prove this through his depiction of an ideal city, which he builds from the ground up, and ultimately concludes that justice requires the philosopher to perform the task of ruling. Since the overall argument is that justice pays, it follows that it would be in the philosopher’s self-interest to rule – however, Plato also states that whenever people with political power believe they benefit f...   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Political philosophy]

Strong Essays
1440 words (4.1 pages)

The Argument Of An Argument Essay

- In many lives people face others with different ideas and beliefs. Sometimes these opinions cause complaints that turn into arguments, however, these are never settled or reach an understanding. Making a complaint is creating a strong position that proves the point and defends the issue using a logical argument. To begin with, many arguments come from a discussion between two people that intensify and become more heated. These arguments explore the difference of opinions to prove which is per-say right or wrong....   [tags: Critical thinking, Logic, Argument, Psychology]

Strong Essays
724 words (2.1 pages)

Lysistrat Women With Positions Of Political Power Essay

- Lysistrata was written in 411 B.C. as a critique on a notion thought so preposterous, that is was comical- women with positions of political power. Since then, women have managed to gain more legal rights, work alongside men, and own property, yet still face oppression in everyday life. After years of suffrages, wars, and movements to raise awareness of the unfair treatment of women earned relative equality with men but the gap can be seen clearly through wage gaps, slurs, and the portrayal of the sexes in literature....   [tags: Gender, Marriage, Home, Female]

Strong Essays
1129 words (3.2 pages)

The Change in Social, Economic and Political Positions of Women in Britain

- The Change in Social, Economic and Political Positions of Women in Britain Between 1900 and 1929 there were many changes to the rights and laws regarding women. For a long time women were treated as the property of their fathers and husbands because men were seen as the superior race, but women didn't like this and some started to demand change. There were many social and economical changes for women during this time. There were changes at the factories where women worked because the conditions were atrocious....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)