Scholars have examined gambling primarily as a trivial amusement. In one of the first academic works devoted to European, The Gaming Table, Andrew Steinmetz maintains that “History, as it is commonly writte...
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... Consequently, it was impossible to trace these locations since they changed frequently to avoid detection and the law. It also emerges that the laws and regulations in the 19th century has sought to restrict banking games while promoting the more social games which included horse racing and football matches. However, the laws developed had loopholes since they could not be implemented easily thus allowed illegal gambling to continue under the watchful eyes of the enforcement officers. The 1845 amendments promoted the growth of horse racing as a public game with lesser legal restrictions. This allowed room for operators to meet and interact on the horse racing tracks and distribute business cards aimed at promoting their gambling houses. Most betting was also conducted outside the horse tracks thus turning horse racing game into a more civilized gambling activity.
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