The Army's Talking Points Controversy Essay

The Army's Talking Points Controversy Essay

Length: 3300 words (9.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Crusader’s Background
The Army focused on building the XM 2001 Crusader self-propelled howitzer from 1987 to 2002 in order to enhance its self-propelled 155mm artillery capabilities (Bruner & Bowman, 2002, p. 1). Since the Crusader was developed starting in the late 1980s, the system was intended to combat the firepower of the Soviet Union’s artillery. Among the tasks the weapons system would have fulfilled were “direct-fire maneuver forces, such as tanks and infantry, with immediate, heavy, indirect fires from a distance” (Bruner & Bowman, 2002, p. 1).
The Army originally planned to equip its units with 1,138 of the Crusaders starting in the 2008 fiscal year (Bruner & Bowman, 2002, p. 2). The program was revised in 1999 to build 480 vehicles at a total cost of $11 billion. United Defense, which is headquartered in Fridley, Minnesota, would have built the Crusader. United Defense would have used a newly constructed plant in Oklahoma near the Army’s home of the field artillery in Fort Sill, Oklahoma. In addition, United Defense would have used subcontractors in the states of California, Michigan, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and Virginia to produce the Crusader (Bruner & Bowman, 2002, p. 2). The Crusader would have also created jobs in the state of Massachusetts and the District of Columbia .
The states of California, Massachusetts, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Virginia are considered politically powerful or swing states. Other, the production of military hardware becomes a very parochial issue. Michigan is the home state of Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Carl Levin and California has two senior Senators in Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein. Minnesota and Virginia had then Senate Armed Services Comm...


... middle of paper ...


...n made by the chain of command. As stated earlier, Rumsfeld wiliness to go around the military leadership and his suggestion to General Shelton that military advice to the President should go through him demonstrated to the military and career civilians that Rumsfeld was not interested in their input. Therefore, in order to make their views felt a need to go around Rumsfeld. The talking points memo was a way of going around Rumsfeld. It is likely the military and career civilian leadership felt they had to ignore the chain of command to have their views heard by the Congress. However, Congress knew the military did not agree with the civilian leadership of the military. Shinseki had earlier testified before Congress, in his view, the Army needed the Crusader. Both Rumsfeld and the military leadership are to be blamed for the talking points memo controversy.


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Future Of The Army Engineer Essay

- The Future of the Army Engineer The events of September 11, 2001 fundamentally changed the landscape of the United States Army. Among all the branches the Army Corp of Engineers has seen the biggest changes to its mission set. The engineer mission of providing mobility, counter mobility, and survivability to the maneuver commander transformed into a pure route clearance mission as the improvised explosive device threat in Iraq and Afghanistan became more pronounced. There is a need within the engineer community to shift back into pre 9/11 mission focus and reteach the fundamental skills....   [tags: United States Army, Military]

Powerful Essays
1012 words (2.9 pages)

The Loss At Fort Ticonderoga, The Continental Army Essay

- Ever since the loss at Fort Ticonderoga, the Continental Army was aware of the British movement down the Hudson River, and were developing plans to defend Albany. General Horatio Gates had taken command of the Northern Continental Army. While General Burgoyne was repeatedly delayed during his campaign south, General Gates had assembled a sizable force near Albany. The word of the American success at Bennington had spread fast, and hundreds of volunteers were joining the army every week. On 6 August they moved up in preparations to engage the British....   [tags: American Revolutionary War, Continental Army]

Powerful Essays
1080 words (3.1 pages)

How Alan Bennett Explores His Themes Through The Presentation Of Characters In Talking Heads

- Alan Bennett presents his characters in Talking Heads by writing the plays in the form of monologue. By employing this technique he has managed to create a rich and detailed World in which his stories unfold but, he only allows us to see it through the eyes of a single narrator. When reading a play that is presented in this manner it is possible to lose sight of the fact that you are only getting one person’s version of events and you may start to believe that you are having conversations reported to you verbatim....   [tags: Talking Heads Essays]

Powerful Essays
1615 words (4.6 pages)

Maintaining the Audience's Interest in Talking Heads Essay

- Maintaining the Audience's Interest in Talking Heads One character talking to a camera for half an hour, Do you call that drama. How does Alan Bennet try to maintain the audience’s interest in his Talking Heads. In A Lady of Letters, Patricia Routledge plays the part of Irene Ruddock, who is a very lonely woman that has an obsession with writing letters to everyone to complain about the smallest of things. She lives by herself, and has done since her mother died. A Lady of Letters is a drama because it includes different amounts of lighting at certain points of the video....   [tags: Talking Heads Alan Bennet Essays]

Free Essays
1876 words (5.4 pages)

Army Design Methodology Essay

- In today’s operational environments, the U.S. Army is facing a range of problems and mission sets that are arguably more complex than previously encountered. Forces face an array of demands that encompass geo-political, social, cultural, and military factors that interact in unpredictable ways. The inherent complexity of today’s operations has underscored the need for the Army to expand beyond its traditional approach to operational planning. In March 2010 in FM 5-0: The Operations Process, the Army incorporated the concept of Design into doctrine....   [tags: U.S. army, army doctrine]

Powerful Essays
1263 words (3.6 pages)

My Life After The Army Essay

- I sometimes get asked if I killed anyone. After five years in the army, I have accumulated a range of responses at the ready from darkly humorous to simply annoyed depending on the situation or my mood. Normally when asked such questions I just answer no. I didn’t join to fight or support the ongoing wars, I had joined to afford college tuition. After serving my time in the military I find myself back in the classroom. Lately, like many who leave the army to start school, I feel a disconnect between a life that was mine and a new identity as a student veteran....   [tags: Army, Soldier, Military, Question]

Powerful Essays
1178 words (3.4 pages)

The Style of Alan Bennett’s Talking Heads Essay examples

- The Style of Alan Bennett’s Talking Heads Bennett states in his introduction that "forms....dictate themselves" and that material demands to be "written in a particular way and no other". Each of the characters, according to the author has a "single point of view" and none is "telling the whole story". He says that his characters are "artless" and "don't quite know what they are saying". It is true that this is so. We, the listeners, can make conjectures about all of them. Graham's ambiguous sexuality, Susan's alcoholism and Muriel's perverted husband are not revealed directly through any statements made to us....   [tags: Talking Heads]

Free Essays
477 words (1.4 pages)

Alan Bennett's Talking Heads Essay

- Alan Bennett's "Talking Heads" "Talking heads" by Alan Bennett is a collection of monologues in which the audience are showed into the life of a character and given an insight into the character's personality and situation.peoples lives are portrayed in comic ways leaving the audience feeling sympathy and guilt for the character in laughing at their misfortune. Monologues are a long speech made by one person. This style of script is really effective and has a powerful effect on the audience. These monologues were written for television broadcasting, programmes presented in this way are put under the genre of tragi-comedy....   [tags: Alan Bennett Talking Heads Essays]

Powerful Essays
1801 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on Isolated and Marginalized Characters of Alan Bennett’s Talking Heads

- Isolated and Marginalized Characters of Alan Bennett’s Talking Heads           All the pieces in Alan Bennett’s collection deal in some way with people who are isolated or marginalized, either because of circumstances or because of their own idiosyncrasies. Every character is, in some way inadequate. Graham is a mother's boy, whose dubious sexuality seems to have caused him severe mental stress. Susan, the vicar's wife, is an alcoholic woman, trapped in a loveless marriage, whose caustic intolerance of her husband's calling alienates her from the rest of the parish and forces her into behaviour which is damaging and dangerous....   [tags: Talking Heads]

Powerful Essays
1623 words (4.6 pages)

The Army Essay

- There are many job oppurtunitiesin the army. Anyone one can join and be anything he wants. In the army everyone has the chance to travel the world. The army has certain benefits and requirements. All of them will be explained. The army is the oldest of the armed services and is responsible for land operations. The army has to be prepared to use any action to overcome any enemy that threatens the U.S. and the nation's intrest. The army helps train the military forces of some friendly nations and supplies them with the equipment their nation needs....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Powerful Essays
498 words (1.4 pages)