December 11, 2014
Ancient Greek Philosophy
Aristotle’s Account of Friendship
Aristotle first explains what all entail friendship. That it is a feeling similar to that of necessity and a good overall pleasure-filled feeling, though some like me may disagree on this. Friendship is that which consists of a given mutual feelings towards one another. These feelings would consist of goodwill. Then Aristotle continues on to the three kinds of friendship. The first kind of friendship is that being one based on utility. At this point this is where both people coming together would gain some sort of benefit from one another. The second kind of friendship is one that is based on pleasure. This is where both people are mutually drawn to one other, this can be through each other’s wit, good looks, or other qualities each individual finds pleasant about the other. The third level of friendship is the highest and most desired and it is one based on goodness. Here we have two people who admire the other’s goodness, kind and loving qualities and in this form of friendship one attempts to help the other strive for their own personal goodness.
What we can see with the first two kinds of friendship is that they are merely accidental. It is accidental because in most of the cases involving these two kinds of friendships, the friends are motivated by their own personal utility and pleasure, not like that of the third kind of friendship where you value and treasure the other person on a spiritual like level. With both of these two kinds of friendship there is not an extended amount of life time, that is because both of these friendships are short-lived due to the fact that each ones needs and pleasures are goin...
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...ir morals and succumb to the badness within them. The men ruling this aristocracy are the most intelligent men of the society, who have gone through years of schooling and dedicated their lives to reading books on how to be a just and fair rulers. Even if one ruler became corrupt the others would have to power to out him of his position and put a new ruler in his place. There exists a better chance of the military and guards over throwing the rulers because they personal want more than what is being provided to them. For the military is driven by conquest of wealth and honor. As they over throw the rulers though, this becomes a timocracy, which I do agree with Aristotle, that is this the worst kind of political community.
Aristotle. (2014). Book VIII. In The Nicomachean Ethics. W.D. Ross. Retrieved from classics.mit.edu/Aristotle.nicomachean.8.viii.htm
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