Arguments against Philosophical Skepticism Essay

Arguments against Philosophical Skepticism Essay

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‘Skepticism’ refers the theory that we do not possess any knowledge; skepticism denies any existence of justified belief. This paper discusses the varieties of philosophical skepticism and explains the various skeptical arguments and responses to philosophical skepticism, along with both Hume, and Descartes take on skepticism. This paper will also describe the various arguments against skepticism along with their justification. While the arguments for skepticism and its various forms seem valid and theoretically proven to be justified, my stance is against skepticism. I believe that skepticism may exist in various forms; however, I believe that the true nature of skepticism’s in Hume’s theory is not entirely justifiable and I personally do not believe in that form of skepticism. I argue that while skepticism has seemingly proven reasoning’s the proof of the external world and its knowledge is more justified. I believe there is no positive reason for taking skepticism into account, making skeptical hypothesis inaccurate.
Skepticism questions the notion whether certain knowledge is possible; it is the opposition of philosophical dogmatism, which holds the assertion and authority of a set of statements to be true. Descartes states the following on skepticism:
To have knowledge, we need to be able to tell the difference between hallucination (deception) and a perception (where there us no relevant difference, no epistemological distinction can be made). It is impossible to distinguish between a hallucination (or deception) and a normal perception. Therefore we do not know whether any of our perceptual beliefs are true. (Pojman, 200)

Skepticism refers to two positions, knowledge and justification. There are two different classes of kn...


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...e, and P. H. Nidditch. "Of the Origin of Our Ideas." A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford: Clarendon, 1978. N. pag. Print.
Hume, David, L. A. Selby-Bigge, P. H. Nidditch, and David Hume. Enquiries concerning Human Understanding and concerning the Principles of Morals. Oxford: Clarendon, 1975. Print.
Pojman, Louis P. "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding." Philosophical Traditions: A Text with Readings. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub., 1998. 205. Print.
Pojman, Louis P. "Do We Have Knowledge of the External World?" Philosophical Traditions: A Text with Readings. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub., 1998. 208. Print.
Moore, G. E. "Proof of the External World." 2005. Philosophical Papers. London: Allen and Unwin, 1959. 145-46. Print.
Malcolm, Norman. "Knowledge and Belief." 2005. Knowledge and Certainty: Essays and Lectures. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1975. 274-77. Print.

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