Argument Of Moral Relativism : A Critique Essay

Argument Of Moral Relativism : A Critique Essay

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Argument from moral variability, as we discuss in our philosophy class, it is an argument to support Ethical Relativism, this argument claims that since different people have different moral standards, so there is no universal moral standard. As Stace claimed in his essay “ Ethical Relativism: A Critique”, “For the absolutist there is a single universal moral standard. For the relativist there is no such standard. There are only local, ephemeral, and variable standards.”(Stace, para 7). What Stace indicated in his argument is: people form different moral standards based on their backgrounds, circumstances, and ages, one thing treated right for this group may be treated wrong for the other group. From a personal perspective, I don’t agree with the Argument from Moral Variability, I think there should be a universal moral standard existing, in other words, there is a objective fact, although some people hold different moral standards.

One of the most important reason for my objection is that: Argument from Moral Variability can easily be used as an excuse when people do something wrong. If everything accept that there is no universal moral standard, so everyone can have his or her own standard to judge an object or person, there is no a clear boundary about right and wrong, it all depends on individual’s belief, the world would be on the edge of chaos. It does not even need a law to exist, because all the people have their own standards, it is impossible to make a law to regulate the behavior of everyone.

Stace also argued: “ The relativist rejects this distinction and identifies what is moral with what is thought moral by certain human beings or groups of human beings....”( Stace, para 7). If we live in a society as Stace descr...


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...sfy their psychopathic needs. Most people all condemn this kind of behavior, it cannot be illustrated by saying those terrorists just have different moral standards as others. For some things, there are strict principles, anyone violates these principles will be treated wrong, there is no excuse.
As the Argument from Moral Variability claims, different people have different moral standards, however, it cannot lead to the conclusion that there is no one standard exists, on the contrary, there must be a universal moral standard exists. Since different people may have different beliefs, we cannot let themselves go. Certain moral standards are necessary to make the society operate in a good order. Without universal standards, everyone would only pursuit their own maximum profit, however, with universal standards, we would pursuit the maximum profit for the whole society.

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