In the beginning of the course of unraveling 17th and 18th century profound philosophers we became acquainted with Descartes dualism, by analyzing that extension according to Descartes are two of God’s distinct features in which we ought to perceive. Not only did Spinoza toss the conception that God actively alters the earth through Descartes proclaimed “natural laws”, but unlike Descartes he believed God to be the only definite substance. For Spinoza God and God’s creation weren’t two diverse, distinctive substances instead only god or as he phrased nature is the sole true substance. This paper will entail why he takes a monist stance and rejects traditional religious views through the building blocks of Spinoza’s propositions 4-9,11 and how that concludes to his claim ,proposition 14 of the notorious Ethics.
For Spinoza his definitions are a vital component at understanding his core theories behind his Monist perspective so one will initially begin with the root, substance. He entails that a substance is in itself, followed by being conceived through it. Therefore, it is impossible for us to be classified as a substance, so beings according to Spinoza’s interpretation meant we’re instead a Mode of a Substance. For him we’re all modes of God because we depend on God for our existence and are conceived through God’s essence. Hence, a mode being in another and conceived through another. Moving on to the next definition an attribute, which is an essence of an object or being. For example when examining a ruler, the extension is an attribute of the eraser. Last but not least axions, which implies it’s rather in itself or in another. Spinoza firmly grasped the ideology that by them being conceived t...
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...they’re shared? They aren’t considering no two substances can share an attribute. In result, there is no attribute left for a substance to inherently have only the one and only infinite substance, God. Consequently, it’s embedded in its nature of substance to exist. Therefore, an infinite substance that being god is existent.
For Spinoza his assessment of attaining knowledge was that in order to fully know the effect you have to break it down to the core, the cause. Which follows his alignment of coming to the conclusive claim that god is the only substance. At initial glance with every proposition he evaluates the nature by proposition 4 with the reference of modes. Then in 5 and 7 he examines the nature of a substance. Instead of looking at the effects of a substance, he aligns his proofs with the cause by configuring existence and determining God to be the root.
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