Essay on Argument Against Abortion And Abortion

Essay on Argument Against Abortion And Abortion

Length: 1113 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In this paper I will be arguing in favor of Judith Jarvis Thomson view point on abortion. I am defending the use abortion and only in the first trimester. I will consider Don Marquis objections of the practice but ultimately side with Thomson.
The standard argument against abortion claims that the fetus is a person and therefore has a right to life. Thomson shows why this standard argument against abortion is a somewhat inadequate account of the morality of abortion.
(1) The fetus is a person (or moral equivalent) (2) It is wrong to kill persons (C) It is wrong to have an abortion. But there is a suppressed premise needed to make the argument work because the mother also has a right to her own body (bodily integrity). As it stands the argument is invalid i.e. the conclusion does not actually follow from the premises.
Her new argument against abortion is as followed- (1) Every person has a right to life. (2) The fetus is a person. (3) So, the fetus has a right to life. (4) The fetus’ right to life is stronger than the mother right to bodily integrity. (C) So, abortion is impermissible.
Judith Jarvis’s main argument is the right to life is not an absolute right, therefore in some cases abortion is permissible. But in another one of her arguments, Jarvis says that it seems like it is not morally permissible to kill a child. Take one of her thought experiments, called the violinist case; You wake up in a hospital with a famous violinist attached to your kidneys, and he needs use of your kidneys for nine months. (1) Every person has a right to life. (2) The violinist is a person. (3) Therefore the violinist has a right to life. (C) It is impermissible to unplug the violinist. This is an analogy towards rape. The vio...


... middle of paper ...


...ception is preventing a sperm and ovum from coupling, but Marquis says “There is no unique individual human future until conception.” On page 8 of Don Marquis’s paper he seems to be making a kind of utilitarian claim about already existing beings i.e. that we have an obligation to maximize the happiness of already existing beings, but that is not how utilitarianism works. If we have some duty to maximize consequences, then it applies to all the beings that will exist in the future. A utilitarian wants to maximize the amount of happiness and the least amount of suffering.
Marquis just like Thomson is going around the abortion discussion by finding a way around the argument regarding the personhood of the fetus. He relies on the fact that the fetuses have a future of value and the claim that just like it is wrong to deprive an adult human of their future of value.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Argument Against Abortion And Abortion

- In this paper I will be arguing in favor of Judith Jarvis Thomson view point on abortion. I am defending the use abortion and only in the first trimester. I will consider Don Marquis objections of the practice but ultimately side with Thomson. The standard argument against abortion claims that the fetus is a person and therefore has a right to life. Thomson shows why this standard argument against abortion is a somewhat inadequate account of the morality of abortion. (1) The fetus is a person (or moral equivalent) (2) It is wrong to kill persons (C) It is wrong to have an abortion....   [tags: Abortion, Morality, Pregnancy, Argument]

Strong Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on The Pro Life Argument Against Abortion

- Abortion is defined as the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus (merriam-webster.com). Legal or not women have been using abortion to control their reproduction at every point in history and in every known society. Abortion was practiced in the U.S. until around the late 1800s when at that time most states had forbid it, only making exceptions if it was to save the life of a woman/mother. After abortion became illegal, the capability of women to get one came with restrictions....   [tags: Abortion, Pregnancy, Abortion debate]

Strong Essays
1688 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Against The Golden Rule Argument Against Abortion

- Golden Rule and Abortion In his essay “Against the Golden Rule Argument Against Abortion,” David Boonin-Vail argues against R. M. Hare and Harry J. Gensler. He states both versions of the golden rule should be rejected. The golden rule is a biblical rule of “do unto others as you would have them do unto you” (Matt. 7:12). Boonin-Vail maintains that both Hare’s and Gensler’s interpretations are not adequate enough in stating that the golden rule shows abortion to be immoral for various reasons. I will not be arguing that the golden rule argument is sound....   [tags: Logic, Argument, Pregnancy]

Strong Essays
1679 words (4.8 pages)

Argument Against The Morality Of Abortion Essay

- Explain how it is that the notion of what it is to be a person (or a human) is relevant to evaluating certain arguments against the morality of abortion. (Given an example of such an argument.) What are some of the different views that have been proposed. Which view of the nature of persons seems most reasonable. What do you conclude from this about the morality of abortion. The two sides of the aisle when it comes to abortion are separated by a gray area of when life begins. Primarily there are two sides, pro-choice/pro-abortion or pro-life where “pro” means in favor of so it is whether they are in favor of “choice”/abortion or in favor of life....   [tags: Human, Morality, Ethics, Human rights]

Strong Essays
1051 words (3 pages)

An Argument Against Abortion Essay

- The right to life is the most basic and important right that we have. In the past two hundred years, over one million Americans have died for their country. Monuments have been built and speeches have been delivered, honoring these American heroes. America is now engaged in a war where there are no heroes, no monuments or tributes - only victims. Our society has declared war on its most helpless members - our unborn children. Since that war was declared on January 22, 1973, there have been over 35 million deaths....   [tags: The Right to Life, Pro-Life Essays]

Strong Essays
1405 words (4 pages)

Argument Against Abortion Essays

- Abortion seems to be just another term tossed around like any other. The word abortion has become very common around the world, whether illegal or legal. Being Pro-Life means that you are against abortion; a medical or surgical procedure that ends a pregnancy. Pro-Choice is the opposing side. Everyone is entitled to their own opinion on whether or not abortion is right or wrong. Although, abortion should be stopped, because the killing of an unborn fetus is just as bad as murder; it is murder. Pro-Life keeps a heart beating....   [tags: legal issues, pro-choice]

Strong Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

An Argument Against Abortion Essay

- An Argument Against Abortion Abortion is a serious topic that people have been debating about for years. Everywhere you turn the topic of abortion presents itself, on TV, in the newspapers, in books and magazines. It already has, and will continue to cause, controversy for years to come. As long as abortion remains legal, pro-life advocates will continue to protest what they believe to be these horrible acts of murder. Dating all the way back to the 1800’s, abortions have been taking place all over the world....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Strong Essays
1394 words (4 pages)

An Argument Against Abortion Essay

- Abortion in America is a controversial issue in which both sides have valid arguments at face value. The pro-choice side has many arguments to support it belief in keeping abortion legal. Many of these are faulty, and argue points irrelevant to the issue as I will attempt to illustrate, thereby eliminating the main pro-choice arguments. The pro-life position has somewhat different ideas. The most popular of these is: The unborn entity is fully human from the moment of conception. Abortion results in the intentional death of the unborn entity....   [tags: Pro Life Pro-life essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1034 words (3 pages)

An Argument Against Abortion Essay

- ABORTION I am against abortion for a couple of reasons. I believe adopting instead of aborting is a better decision. Abortion is murder. Condoms are available and inexpensive. There are also other forms of birth control. Some people say it’s their choice so I think people should choose wisely, by not killing a baby. There are also many programs in the U.S. that will aid people financially, for people who claim to be financially unfit to raise a child. I believe adoption is a better choice than murder....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
507 words (1.4 pages)

An Argument Against Abortion Essay

- A Case for the Pro-Life Stance on Abortion Over 40 million babies have been legally aborted since 1972. In 1972, the case of Roe versus Wade was brought to the Supreme Court and it is one of the most controversial issues involving women's civil right. The case dealt with the right to choose to have an abortion to end a pregnancy. Most feminist groups supported this case since women felt it was their body and their choice whether to have a baby or not. It is not a choice it is a child, and it is wrong and cruel....   [tags: The Right to Life, Pro-Life Essays]

Free Essays
932 words (2.7 pages)