The Equal Pay Act, also known as the EPA, was passed by Congress in 1963 to provide a remedy to discriminatory wage structures that reflect "an ancient but outmoded belief that a man, because of his role in society, should be paid more than a woman”. (Equal Pay Act) “According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, women’s salaries in comparison to men’s have risen dramatically, from 62% of men’s earnings in 1970 to 80% in 2004”. (Equal Pay Act) However, while this increase is significant, the EPA has not been able to achieve its intended goal, equal pay for equal work.
Since the enactment of the EPA, women have been narrowing the gap with each generation, and although each generation has improved over the previous generation, the pace of improvement has slowed down with more recent generations. One reason that might explain the slow progress is the unstable job market we have experienced in the past decade. Another reason may be that it would be difficult to replicate the initial impact the EPA had on the labor market in the 1960’s. While discrimination against women in the workplace still exists, it was much more evident in the 1960’s and therefore, the initial impact of the EPA on women’s wages then was far greater than what we could achieve today. (Manning)
Additionally, women face th...
... middle of paper ...
1. Alan Manning (2006), “The Gender Pay Gap”, CentrePiece Magazine Article No.CEPCP200. Web. 2 May 2011.
2. Wikipedia, Paycheck Fairness Act, Web. 2 May 2011.
3. GAO, Women in Management: Analysis of Female Manager’s Representation, Characteristics, and Pay, GAO-10-892-R (Washington, D.C. September 20, 2010).
4. Laura Fitzpatrick (2010), “Why do Women Still Earn Less Than Men”, Time Magazine Web. 2 May 2011.
5. Joan Williams ( 2010), “Gender Pay Gap Underestimates Economic Inequality”, On the Issues Magazine (http://www.ontheissuesmagazine.com/cafe2/article/110)
6. Wikipedia, Equal Pay Act, Web. 2 May 2011.
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