When we discuss the free will, I always come up some questions like Are we totally “free,” or is our behavior determined by external factors out of our control? Could I have chosen a different way to do something? Am I responsible for my own actions?
Some people may believe that every physical event is caused by previous physicals event, according to the laws of nature. Our beliefs about causality seem inconsistent with our belief that we could have chosen otherwise.
Some incompatibilism supporters like Holbach accept the determinism but denies the existence of free will and regards it as an illusion. He maintains that people might have no control over the circumstance of their birth, ideas and habits. To be free, an action must be independent of determining physical causes. However, all changes made by humans are determined by immutable laws ,hence, no human action is, in essence ,free. Free will of man are nothing more than natural phenomena controlled by the forces of nature itself. Holbach raises the thirst issue to further exemplify his argument. One may argue that people are free to choose not to drink water he knows is poisoned, however, truth is that the thirsty person is disposed by natural laws to drink water he knows is clean and decline to drink the water is poisoned. The reason some people believe that human behavior is not determined is because of the complexity of causes which makes it difficult for us to explain our own behavior under some circumstances. We cannot perceive all of the complex and interrelated causes of human behavior, and therefore do not believe that human behavior is necessarily determined by natural law. The failure to identify the causes of our actions encourages the illusion ...
... middle of paper ...
...ld prevent himself from stealing. He is morally responsible for what he had done and regarded as a thief in this case because he could have acted otherwise.
On the other hand, A person is free of constraint when they would have acted otherwise if they had decided otherwise, which alone makes one morally responsible. Ayer sees this as the key to the problem of free will and determinism.
To sum up, I am more impressed by the Ayer’s opinion towards the essence of free will. Rousseau said in the social contract that “Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains.” We can reconcile determinism with freedom of the will. humans are determined, yet still morally free.
What matters to one’s freedom is whether you would have acted otherwise based on my own decision without constraint, not causality, and moral responsibility only possible if you could have acted otherwise.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the Elizabethan Era, society was highly suspicious of the power of supernatural forces and it was commonly accepted that one’s life was governed by fate and was predetermined. Shakespeare’s Macbeth challenges the Elizabethan ideology of fate by privileging that although Macbeth was a victim of his “vaulting ambition” (1:VII 27), he was ultimately responsible for his villainous actions. Shakespeare has foregounded certain events to privilege that a person has free will and a concience and the cosequences of going against one's conscience, thus challenging the assumption of the Elizabethan Era.... [tags: essays research papers]
748 words (2.1 pages)
- Macbeth: Responsible for His Own Destruction Shakespeare's play, Macbeth, is the tragic tale of the character Macbeth, a virtuous man, corrupted by power and greed. This tragedy could be explained two very different ways. One explanation is that the tragic hero, Macbeth, is led down an inescapable road of doom by fate. A second explanation is that there is no "outside" force working against Macbeth, which therefore makes him responsible for his own actions and inevitable downfall. The text of the play seems to imply that Macbeth is indeed responsible for his own actions, actions provoked by an unwillingness to listen to his own conscience, the three witches, and his own ambition.... [tags: GCSE English Literature Coursework]
669 words (1.9 pages)
- In general, in most cases a virtuous person makeup can be attributed to his or her childhood upbringing. Therefore, most parents start to shape their child personality at an earlier age because all parents want their child to be a good and moral person. In order to achieve success, children are taught the traits and characteristics of a virtuous person through constant repetitions. The children start to learn in their development stage to differentiate what is right and wrong and learned the consequences for making wrong decision.... [tags: American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln, Abolitionism]
804 words (2.3 pages)
- I) Introduction Robotic technology has enabled the US military to use autonomous robots (or unmanned systems, UMS) in modern warfare. In the war with Iraq, the US military sent 12000 ground robots at the end of 2008 (P. W. Singer). One of the most popular robots used in Iraq is the iRobot Packbot, an unmanned ground vehicle, which is capable of detecting and destroying improvised explosive devices. Exploiting robots in warfare can save lives of many human soldiers. Moreover, robots are faster, have longer endurance, high precision and immunity to chemical and biological weapons (Ronald Arkin).In the National Defense Act of 2001 the U.S.... [tags: Killer Robots Ethics]
2129 words (6.1 pages)
- As a parent, I have spent a great deal of time observing the behavior, motivation, and thought processes of my children. As they mature these processes have changed, and it has been fascinating to watch. I have learned a great deal on the limits of self control in the adolescent mind during this time, and I believe that families should be held responsible for crimes committed by their teenagers. I understand that there is a great deal of opposition to this position, and the opposing viewpoint makes some valid arguments.... [tags: Argumentative Essay]
1069 words (3.1 pages)
- Media is everywhere. We each have TV’s, listen to music, play video games, go to movie theaters, watch the news and they all expose a violent act somehow. It could simply be an opinion if media causes violence but it also depends on how something is perceived and who is perceiving it. In an article titled “The Government Should Strictly Regulate Television Violence” Rockefeller promises to “make more tools for families so that they have more control over what is allowed to be seen on television and give them more options” (Rockefeller).... [tags: Violence, Television, Media violence research]
1386 words (4 pages)
- It might seem ironic how in such a significant number of cases, the outcome of some specific actions is completely different from what is expected to be. The number of times that you puzzle yourself at how eccentric or unexplainable some causalities seem or how things might go precisely the way you want increases as you grow up. This unusual link of events leads to the ideas of destiny and fate. Some people claim that there is no such way of controlling your life because it has been planned out for you ahead of time in a precise and unchangeable way.... [tags: destiny, fate, decisions, predestinated fate]
1262 words (3.6 pages)
- Macbeth To What Extent Macbeth Responsible for His Own Downfall. Macbeth is about a Lord whose life is disturbed by three witches, whose prophesies results in Macbeth to commit actions that lead to his downfall. Macbeth demonstrates many mental abnormalities during the course of the play, such as delusions, hallucinations, paranoia and warped personality. Which are all symptoms of schizophrenia, which I argue Macbeth has, and the events that unfold lead his condition to worsen and his mental health deteriorate, causing his twisted actions.... [tags: Macbeth, Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Macbeth]
1709 words (4.9 pages)
- A special attribute of Greek tragedy is that the central character is known to have a tragic imperfection that contribute to the fall of the character. In the play Oedipus Rex this characteristic is not an exception. Nevertheless, until what point was Oedipus responsible for his own downfall. There are many theories that can give an answer to this question. Was it destiny or a manipulation of the gods. Or was it a punishment for his actions to his parents. Was anyone else responsible for his downfall too (Jocasta, Laius).... [tags: World Literature]
802 words (2.3 pages)
- Shakespeare's Presentation of Othello as Responsible for his Own Downfall Shakespeare’s Othello consists of the themes betrayal, love and dishonesty. At the centre of this play is the tragic downfall of Othello at the hands of his so called friend Iago. In this essay I will be discussing the reasons for and against Othello being responsible for his downfall through looking at critical interpretations of his character and actions. In some ways you could say that Othello was highly responsible for his own downfall as he was easily manipulated by Iago showing him to be gullible and naïve.... [tags: Shakespeare Othello]
1503 words (4.3 pages)
- William Shakespeare 's A Midsummer Night 's Dream
- Market Segmentation : Marketing And Strategic Planning
- How You Get Paid. Univox Is A Fair Market Research Company
- Analysis Of Dietrich Bonhoeffer 's Life Together, Tested And Equipped Me
- God And The Son Of God
- Parenting Styles : Children, And Every Child