Are High School Exit Exams a By-Product of Institutionalized Discrimination? A Review of the Literature

Are High School Exit Exams a By-Product of Institutionalized Discrimination? A Review of the Literature

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Are High School Exit Exams a By-Product of Institutionalized Discrimination?
A Review of the Literature









Abstract

Psychologists use different methods of research and resulting data to formulate criterion

for educational testing. While standardized tests attempt to measure the cognitive ability of

students, it is perceived that these tests are cultural biased and do not

adequately show the learning style of minority students. In the past few years high school exit

exams are increasingly being used as a condition for graduation. This review will attempt to

study the immediate and long- term effects of not completing high school because of less than

optimal results on required exit exams and the resulting decreased educational opportunities, as

well as minimal vertical social mobility for minority students. Government policies are

increasingly being enacted in the educational arena, but how successful has those been?

. Is the uniform testing of students a form of institutionalized discrimination?















Educational Testing 3
Are High School Exit Exams a By-Product of Institutionalized Discrimination?
A Review of the Literature
Uniform testing of students is implemented wholesale in the curricula throughout educational
institutions in American society. Students are required to pass an exit exam in order to graduate.
Grades become subordinate to this one exam. The failure of the exam precludes not only
graduation, but affects immediate opportunities for continuing post secondary education. The
repercussions are diminished occupational choices and limited future social mobility, as well as
social stigm...


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..., M.R. (2004). Exit Exams have Minimal Effect on Drop Out Rates. Education Week
23(34), 10-10. Retrieved July 13, 2010 from EbscoHost Academic search premier database.
Fletcher, M.A.( 2007, November 13). Middle-Class dream eludes African American families.
Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp dyn/content/article/2007/11/12/AR2007111201711.html
Solis, J.(2006, May). What is the future of high school exit exams. Retrieved July 12,
2010 fromhttp://www.ednews.org/articles/what-is-the-future-for-high-school-exit-exam.html
Shepard, J. M. (2010). Sociology. Belmont, California: Wadsworth.
Berliner, D. C. (2009). Are Teachers Responsible for Low Achievement By Poor Students.
Journal of Kappa Delta Pi. 46(1), 18-21. Retrieved from Wilson web Education and Social
problems database.

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