GMOs have been engineered for a wide variety of applications from agricultural production to scientific research (Genetically, 2003). GMOs, specifically used in agriculture, have been around for thousands of years. In the 1800s, Gregor Mendel was the first scientist to experiment with hybrid breeding. He cross bred pea plants with different traits and studied the outcome of the cross, noting dominant and recessive genes. The first debate over the health risks associated with GMOs surfaced in 1972 when a technique was developed allowing scientist to cut pieces of DNA in certain places and attach that DNA to pieces of DNA from other organisms. A decade later, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that GMOs could be patented and a year later Monsanto scientists were some of the first to release genetically modified plants. In 1988, scientists inserted genes into soybeans and produced a crop that was resistant to herbicide making controlling weeds much easier and cheaper for farmers (Bushak, ...
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...next move will be with economic and productivity at the forefront of their minds (Bateman, 2015).
f. Competitive Advantage
By not using genetically modified crops in agriculture, many industries both in the United States and abroad can increase their competitive advantage with customers. In agriculture, this competitive advantage stems from the wholeness and natural qualities non-GMO crops bring to the table. Especially in a time of a large shift in consumer behavior and social culture about food and health worldwide, public opinion currently rests on the ideals of buying locally, eating organic, and aiming to be green and healthy. Genetically modified organisms do not fit in with this consumer shift. As the consumer demand for products not associated with genetic modification increases, the value of a farmer’s crops with GMOs decreases, thus making them worth less.
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