Essay PreviewMore ↓
For the United States the Twenties was a time to flourish and enjoy the common wealth, but unlike everything else, architecture was in a creative slump. many artists were having difficulty in depicting a "style" for the new era. Many new technological advances were occuring through the steel industry and the discovery of glass. The architects of this period wanted to incorporate those advances in their designs, thus bringing forth an experimental period. With architects from different backgrounds and cultures working to produce a masterpiece the International Style was created.
The International Style was the most common and wide-spread type of architecture found in the twenties. This style dominated architecture until about 1950. Buildings of this time were characterized as having "...geometric shapes, white walls , and a flat roof with a garden," ("Architecture ". World Book CD-ROM). They were constructed of reinforced concrete (concrete with embedded metal rods to add strength). Typical buildings had large windows, which created a light, airy feeling and the exterior had little or no ornamentation. ("Architecture". World Book CD-ROM). Architects were able to acheive the light airy feeling found in the buildings because of the new inventions of industrial materials and the technical advances.
The 1920's brought forth many new technological advances. Builders could now use steel, iron, and glass. Alloys, or blended metals, were discovered and produced, and the elevator was invented. These new materials had great and long lasting influences on modern architecture and are still used today. Architects were able to use steel beams to reinforce concrete, allowing them to build taller structures, known as skyscrappers. Elevators were installed to replace stairs. A gradual modernization of technical systems took place. Plumbing and heating/cooling systems were improved and the use of electricity became more popular. ("Architecture". Grolier CD-ROM). For the architects of the 1920's "climate could be disregarded, for mechanical heating and cooling devices make a building independent of its region...". (Hamlin, 633) Because of these new advances architects were able to experiment with options they were never given before.
Despite the difficulties and dry periods the archtects experienced in the twenties, a new style was born.
How to Cite this Page
"Architecture of the 1920s." 123HelpMe.com. 14 Aug 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The 1940s changed through just about everything: war, technology, and presidents. After the great depression in the 1920s the American Dream went in a new direction and began the postmodernist era. The American Dream in the 1950s was different from the American Dream in the 1940s because of the culture and by many factors throughout the twenty year span like government, technology, war, and women's rights. The 1920s and 1930s were an extremely hard time. War, Great Depression, and illnesses spread throughout America.... [tags: the american dream, war, great depression]
1678 words (4.8 pages)
Preservation of Modern Buildings in Cincinnati: An overview of the challenges, history and arguments to preserve modern buildings.
- Although preservation is not a new concept and been practiced for centuries, designating historic landmarks, structures and buildings as historically significant and preserving them is a new phenomena, which brings us to a fairly straight forward question of what to preserve and what not to. The advent of new materials and advancement of construction technologies changed the style of building significantly from time to time, especially over the course of last two centuries. Although the basic construction materials like brick, wood, lime and stone are in use for centuries, the recent addition of concrete, steel and glass to that list completely overhauled the mode in which the buildings are... [tags: Architecture]
1435 words (4.1 pages)
- Art by definition is the conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colors, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the sense of beauty, specifically the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium. Whether it was shown visually or musically, the arts of the twenties were reflective of the time period. Even in books, the extravagance that people lived in was evident. The music of the twenties was on the opposite end of the spectrum from the music that had been its predecessor.... [tags: essays research papers]
1026 words (2.9 pages)
- Despite the extensive literature available on the work of Mies van der Rohe, it is still possible to identify significant gaps on the subject. As previously demonstrated, historians have generally overlooked the Core House’s size variations, what becomes evident in the way the project has been commonly named. Despite the possibility of having different sizes, after many decades the Core House did not become a custom house produced, just like a piece of clothing, in small, medium and large sizes.... [tags: architecture]
743 words (2.1 pages)
- Gas Stations Before 1970 Building design, scale, and location for a commercial store can have a great effect on its consumer. Having a roadside structure that makes it easy to access and purchase a product is something that is very important, especially when it is trying to market a very common and indispensable product like gasoline. In the early 1920s, companies advertised their gas stations by using distinctive logos, colors, slogans, and building shapes. A very common vernacular gas station style that used these methods of advertisement was the house style.... [tags: Cars, Oil, Construction]
1290 words (3.7 pages)
- The usage of concrete was explored by the Early Christian and Roman architects but fell out of use throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance period. The material was only fully explored again in the later half of the 19th century but only for mundane purposes where the material was cheap, easy to work with, and versatile, but most importantly it’s fireproof characteristic. In 1870, the idea of reinforcing the concrete was born; steel rods were to be inserted to increase its strength. Taking this principle, Ernest Ransome (America) and Francois Hennebique (France) both developed frame systems.... [tags: Ernst Ransome, architecture, concrete]
2583 words (7.4 pages)
- Modernists longed to recreate the world through new ideas and contemporary techniques to design structurally and provide unprecedented buildings. Architecture took a turn and progressed from total works of art to industrialization during the 20th century. Advancement with technology due to the machine age brought new materials and new tools. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was one of the many architects of this time to not only envision new structural systems, but was able to apply modern style concepts to numerous designs throughout his career.... [tags: masters of modern architecture]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- ... In her memory, John Severance made several more contributions toward the halls completion, totaling 3 million. The building was dedicated in 1930, and completed in 1931, at a cost of 7 million dollars. The landmark building was recognized as one of the most modern, up-to-date concert facilities in America when it opened. Severance also has a chamber music hall, called the Reinburger Hall, which seats 400 patrons, while the main concert hall is able to seat 1,844. Before the construction of Severance Hall, the Cleveland Orchestra first performed in the much smaller Grays Armory in downtown Cleveland and then moved to the Masonic Auditorium for concerts in the 1920s’.... [tags: architecture, concerts, scene]
715 words (2 pages)
- Outline I. Introduction and Thesis A. In the early twentieth century, there were many problems that arose in the industrial city. Complications, such as crowding out and dirtiness were becoming very problematic; it came to the point where it was almost became inhabitable to live in. Le Corbusier, a French architect and urban planner was influenced to find a solution to fix the difficulties in the cities. He wanted to use his views on modern architecture in order to find the design of the city of the future.... [tags: over-crowding, living conditions, architecture]
628 words (1.8 pages)
- There were several topics to choose for this essay, but architectural earthquake-resistant design was best fitted for my Gaming/Animation degree for a few reasons. The first reason is I have had the privilege to take several art history classes that focused on architecture throughout the world. Secondly, I am learning how to use 3d modeling programs such as, Maya and Cinema 4d. To become successful with those programs, I have to learn about the interior as well as the exterior to make the models look real.... [tags: Architecture]
1434 words (4.1 pages)
"Architecture." Groler Encyclopedia, CD-ROM. Grolier Electronic Publishing INC., 1995.
"Architecture". World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia, CD-ROM. World Book Inc. Chicago, IL., 1995.
Hamlin, Talbot. Architecture Through the Ages.. New York: Putnam, 1953.