Antagonist Abigail Williams, is a very demonic and cruel character. She terrorizes all those who go against her and will resort to any measure to get her way. For example, in Act One of The Crucible, Abigail and a group of girls are in the forest with the slave, Tituba, trying to conjure spirits and cast spells. Most of the girls wished for trivial things such as a boy to like them or something materialistic but Abigail wished for something harsh. She desired the death of Elizabeth Proctor. Elizabeth had done nothing wrong to Abigail, not hurt nor deceive Abigail. The sole reason Abigail wished for Goody Proctor’s death is because Abigail wanted to take her place. In that situation alone, the archetypal theory characterizes Abigail Williams as a devil figure. The devil figure is the antagonist that normally works to oppose what the protagonist or hero is doing (Melendez, “Archetype List”). The devil figure negatively affects the rest of the characters and stops at nothing to get what he or she wants.
Following Abigail’s behavior in the forest, the evil in her becomes even more evident throughout the play, supporting her devil figure characterization. In Act One, after Betty wakes up from her “illness” Betty says that sh...
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...that constantly searches for the truth although his allegiance changes throughout the play. As a final point, Arthur Miller’s The Crucible supports the archetypal theory and contains the recurring patterns that define the theory.
Golden, Carl. "The 12 Common Archetypes." The 12 Common Archetypes. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec.
Guerin, Wilfred L. A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature. New York: Harper & Row,
Jung, C. G., and Marie-Luise Von Franz. Man and His Symbols. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1964.
Latrobe, Kathy Howard., Carolyn S. Brodie, and Maureen White. The Children's Literature
Dictionary: Definitions, Resources, and Learning Activities. New York: Neal-Schuman,
Melendez, Mildred. "Archetypes List." N.p., 2002. Web. 5 Dec. 2013.
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, NY: Penguin, 1996. Print.
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