The Arch of Titus: The Triumph of the Emperor Essay

The Arch of Titus: The Triumph of the Emperor Essay

Length: 1340 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

One of the most striking uses of architecture for glorification of a Roman emperor is the Arch of Titus. Built specifically upon the highest point of the Via Sacra, or Sacred Road, this arch is a lasting monument to the glorification of Titus. The Arch of Titus was built by Emperor Domitian to honor the capture and siege of Jerusalem by Titus and his apotheosis, or deification. This arch is an outstanding example of one of the most celebrated ways used by the Romans to express the honor and glory of their emperors.
The Arch of Titus is known for its depictions of the spoils brought back to Rome after the destruction of Jerusalem. As a result of the Jewish attacks on Roman installations and the start of a revolt against Roman rule in 66 CE, the Roman Emperor Nero granted Vespasian a special command in the East to be responsible for putting down this revolt. In response to the crisis, Nero placed the seven legions in Syria under Vespasian’s authority and named Titus, one of Vespasian’s sons, as legate of the 15th Legion of Apollo.
Titus’s role in the crushing of the Jewish revolt is hard to discern. Most of the information regarding his actions comes from the Jewish Wars by Flavius Josephus, a Jew with a strong Roman bias, who consistently portrayed Titus in a highly favorable light. Nonetheless, some of the claims of Josephus are backed up by Suetonius. While it is not clear exactly how successful Titus’s actions may have been, it is generally agreed that he did actively help in conquering two major rebel towns, Tarichaeae and Gamla. Together with his other battles and his siege of Jerusalem, Titus portrayed the image of a brave and successful military leader.
With the death of Nero in 68 CE, Vespasian left Judea in the m...


... middle of paper ...


...ntentional placement at the highest point of the Via Sacra. The Arch of Titus thus stands to this day, but instead of representing the glory and might of the Roman Empire, it serves as a remainder that no nation lasts forever.

Works Cited

Flavius Josephus. The Jewish War. Trans. G.A. Williamson. England: Penguin Books, 1981

Kreitzer, Larry. “Apotheosis of an Emperor.” The Biblical Archeologist. 53.4 (1990): 210-217

Makin, Ena. “The Triumphal Route, with Particular Reference to the Flavian Triumph.” The Journal of Roman Studies. 11 (1921): 25-36

Platner, Samuel Ball, and Thomas Ashby. A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. London: Oxford University Press, 1929

Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Trans. John F. Healy. England: Penguin Books, 1991

Suetonius. Lives of the Caesars. Trans. Catharine Edwards. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on A Short Note On The Arch Of Titus

- Arch of Titus The Arch of Titus was created to celebrate the victories of the Roman Emperor Titus. Titus was originally born in Rome and was the eldest of three children. He had one younger sister and his younger brother Domitian. Titus had previously served under his father Vespasian in military combat. During the Year of the Four Emperors, his father was declared emperor on July 1, 69. Young Titus was then given the duty to end the Jewish Rebellion during the First Jewish War. Titus successfully captured the city of Jerusalem and demolished their holy place of worship called the Second Temple which was actually a replicate of their First Temple that had been destroyed by the Neo-Babyloni...   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Domitian, Vespasian]

Strong Essays
2043 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on Arch of Constantine, Rome

- Arch of Constantine, Rome There is a lot that can be learned from architecture from our past. Every structure had its own purpose and story of its origin. The battle at the Milvian Bridge in 312 CE was the breaking point in Constantine's quest for power. He had been proclaimed Augustus by the troops in Britain in 306 CE, after the death of his father in York, and even though he had no legal right to that title, he refused to relinquish it. Maxentius also claimed the title of Augustus of the western empire....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Honor in the Play Titus Andronicus Essay

- With so many words making up the content of plays, it is difficult for one, single word to make much of an impact. However, the word ‘honor’ does just that in the play Titus Andronicus. Honor means different things to different people, and this is quite evident in the tragedy that is Titus Andronicus. The definition of honor has changed throughout the history of man. The character for which the play is named, Titus, puts his honor and the honor of Rome before anything else. In the play, honor is used as justification for wrongful actions....   [tags: honor, titus andronicus, shakespeare]

Strong Essays
834 words (2.4 pages)

Words and Spectacle in Shakespeare’s "Titus Andronicus" and Julie Taymore’s "Titus"

- Shakespeare’s earliest tragedy is a play infamous for its gore and spectacular violence. Within the play there are multiple murders and lopped limbs aplenty, but the chief victim of the play – the primary spectacle – is Lavinia. Her ill fate is first conveyed to the reader through the ornate words of Marcus, and from this point on Lavinia is seen, but heard only through the words of the other characters. Indeed, in Titus Andronicus Lavinia is the spectacle of the play, and her manifestation is created only through the words of the other characters....   [tags: Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, Julie Taymore]

Strong Essays
2398 words (6.9 pages)

Essay on The Real Hero of Titus Andronicus

- The Real Hero of Titus Andronicus I found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of marble -Augustus Caesar (63 BC - 14 AD) In his essay, Titus Andronicus and the Mythos of Shakespeare's Rome, Robert Miola uncovers and explores the myths Shakespeare uses as bedrock for the background and plot of his first Roman tragedy, Titus Andronicus. Most notably, Miola discusses two Ovidian myths, The Rape of Philomela and The World's Four Ages. The Rape provides Shakespeare with his basic characters and the events involving Lavinia, his Philomela, while Ovid's fourth age of iron describes Shakespeare's physical Rome, "a quintessentially iron city," writes Miola, "a military establishment protecte...   [tags: Titus Andronicus]

Strong Essays
1809 words (5.2 pages)

Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus - A Powerful Tragedy Essay

- Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus - A Powerful Tragedy Titus Andronicus is a play marked by acts of horrific violence and littered with death and the destruction of others. Each violent act, however, serves to explain and sometimes encourage the motives of the play's memorable characters and impart a very tightly knotted plot. The structure of the play employs well-defined heroes and villains. Revenge is their key motivating factor. All of these elements combine to form a cohesive plot and contribute to the overall success of the story....   [tags: Titus Andronicus]

Strong Essays
1680 words (4.8 pages)

Ancient and Modern Elements in Julie Taymor's Adaptation of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus

- Ancient and Modern Elements in Julie Taymor's Adaptation of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus Roman coliseum . . . Formica kitchen Armored warrior . . . Armored tank Gregorian Chant . . . Hard Rock White toga . . . Metallic business suit Ancient Rome . . . Modern America At first glance, these categories appear entirely incompatible, unable to exist together. However, in Julie Taymor's adaptation of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus, we find that they are compatible after all. With elaborate sets, stunning costumes, and a remarkable film score, Taymor blurs the boundaries that divide them and creates a world that accommodates both ancient Rome and modern America....   [tags: Titus Andronicus Essays]

Strong Essays
1396 words (4 pages)

Essay about William Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus

- William Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus Titus transforms into a character of carnival in Shakespeare’s “Titus Andronicus.” Carnival is a concept described by Michael Bristol in his paper “Funeral Bak’d-Meats.” In the paper, Bristol describes carnival as a period before the beginning Lent in early modern Europe, characterized by “hedonistic excess and transgression.” (Bristol 351) Carnival characters place special emphasis on food, disguise and a reversal of the social order or “uncrowning.” The lower classes usually celebrate Carnival and they dismiss rules or decorum....   [tags: William Shakespeare Titus Andronicus Essays]

Strong Essays
3096 words (8.8 pages)

Titus Andronicus - Appearance Versus Reality Essay

- Titus Andronicus - Appearance Versus Reality As appearances play an important role in society, so they also play an important role in William Shakespeare's play Titus Andronicus. From the first scene to the last, Shakespeare elaborates on the theme of appearance versus reality through plot and character. The play’s plot is full of incidents and events that are not what they appear to be: from Titus' “mental breakdown” and Tamora's extended deceitfulness, to Aaron's declared deeds. Each case presents a contrast between what the senses perceive and what reality presents....   [tags: Titus Andronicus Essays]

Strong Essays
1350 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Titus

- Desdemona, on the other hand, is only heard talking naturally with other people. Yet, she too is developed through both the content and form of her speech. For example, Desdemona's conversations with Emilia, particularly at the end of the play (IV, iii), reveal aspects of her character as well as Emilia's character. Have students look at these and discuss what they reveal about each of the characters. ] When it was enacted upon the stage, Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus was most probably received by its 16th century audiences in much the same way as Dallas and Melrose Place are received by contemporary 20th century audiences....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
776 words (2.2 pages)