Essay on Arab Spring And Third Wave Of Democratisation

Essay on Arab Spring And Third Wave Of Democratisation

Length: 1871 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Arab Spring and Third Wave of Democratisation: The case of Egypt

The concept of third wave of democratisation was introduced by Professor Huntington. He introduced the concept in five phases. They are emergence of reformers, acquiring powers, the failure of liberalisation, backward legitimacy and co-opting opposition. (Huntington, The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century, 1991) It was then subsequently addressed through modernisation, social equality, mass mobilisation and elite pact approach inclusively. (Welzel, 2009) Huntington expressed that the third wave of democratisation occurs with the emergent of opposition groups and indigenous sources against local power’s enforcement, particularly when there is a military regimes, one party system, or an autocratic dictatorship. (Huntington, The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century, 1991). The purpose of this essay is to examine Huntington’s five phases with the aim of understanding what happened to the Arab Spring, in the case of Egypt. The essay also examine, whether what happened to the Arab Spring in the case of Egypt is a common structure succeeded in other states which experienced Arab Spring by comparing the exploration of revolution in Syria. (Diamond, Elections Without Democracy: Thinking about Hybrid Regimes, 2002)

Reviewing the brief history, the exploration of the insurgency for the Arab Spring kicked off in Tunisia with the suicide of Mohamed Bouazizi. Following to that, the existential crisis resonated to the revolution, protesters marched with the slogan “The people want the fall of regime” (Aljazeera, 2012), towards democratisation, all the way to Egypt and finally in Syria. (Humphrey, 2014). In the case of Egypt, the bruta...


... middle of paper ...


...idates to participate in the election, in reality, due to the autocratic power, no candidates were free to challenge Mubarak. (Arafat, 2009) Banning of Muslim Brotherhood from nominating presidential candidate, (Wickham, 2013) and the rejection of Talaat Sadat from participating in the election (Lesch, 2011) ultimately resulted the seventh victory of Mubarak with 88.6%, but did not allow to exercise the Amendment.

Secondly the announcement about the removal of party restriction to increase party independence, was considered as another liberalisation of reform. But, in reality, the Political Parties Committee (PPC) was formed to decide the eligibility of every parties to participate in the election, as a part of reform, and interestingly the general secretary of National Democratic Party head by Mubarak, was appointed as the head of the PPC. (Arafat, 2009)







Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Third Wave Of Feminism Essays

- Third Wave Feminism The term “feminism” has been around for almost 200 years first meaning “the quality of females” and since then has been defined a multitude of ways. Today feminism can be defined by Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary as a noun meaning “the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities” (Feminism). This definition truly describes today’s feminism, third wave feminism. Third wave feminism first began in the 1990’s and is still present today. Third wave feminism is a movement to redefine words such as sexuality, gender, and gay that society had previously twisted into one correct meaning....   [tags: Feminism, Third-wave feminism, Gender]

Better Essays
974 words (2.8 pages)

Feminism : Third Wave Feminism Essay

- The term “feminism” has been around for almost 200 years first meaning “the quality of females” and since then has been defined a multitude of ways. Today, feminism can be defined by Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary as a noun meaning “the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities” (Feminism). This definition truly describes today’s feminism: third wave feminism. Third wave feminism first began in the 1990’s and is still present today. Third wave feminism is a movement to redefine the concepts of words like beauty, gender, and gay that society had previously twisted into one correct meaning....   [tags: Feminism, Third-wave feminism, Gender]

Better Essays
1121 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on The Issues Facing the Third Wave Feminism Movement

- As Third Wave feminism is currently unfolding before us, and its aims encompass a wide array of complex issues, it is often hard to describe what Third Wave feminism is. The feminist theories, mainly associated with First and Second Wave feminism attempt to describe the power imbalances that are found in society, and while doing so expose other oppressions, such as discrimination based on race or sexual orientation. As this essay attempts to place a clear definition to Third Wave feminism, feminists are concurrently trying to deconstruct old definitions and open it up for women to determine what feminism means to them....   [tags: third wave feminism, feminism,]

Better Essays
2108 words (6 pages)

Essay about Feminism : The Second Wave Of Feminism

- II. The second wave of feminists started movements that helped the poor, women, and anyone in need of help. Black feminist movements were contributed to aid in youth, protection of the people, and the well-being of an individual which was called the Black Feminist Organization in 1973 (Carabillo, Meuli and Csida 79). In the mid-seventies, the vast majority of foundations founded by women had programmed funding to the movements and was open to the public. Third wave feminism contrasts to the first wave and second wave of feminism because society has changed....   [tags: Feminism, Third-wave feminism, Women's suffrage]

Better Essays
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Feminism And The First And Second Wave Movement Essay

- Since the late 19th century, the feminist movements have taken great strides towards gender equality. The struggles of first and second wave feminism have provided Western white women with the ability to vote, as well as the ability to venture outside the private realm into culture, politics and the workforce. These freedoms gained by these movements have reached a point where many young women today believe that equality has been achieved and feminism is no longer needed. This essay will discuss how third wave feminists are believed to be undoing the efforts of the mothers of feminism and how, although freer than women of the past, the extensive freedoms afforded to women today does not equa...   [tags: Feminism, Gender, Third-wave feminism]

Better Essays
1253 words (3.6 pages)

The First Wave Of Feminism Essay

- Feminism can simply be defined as a range of movements and ideologies in which share a common ground in terms of defining, establishing and achieving equal opportunities to that of males, in regards to economic, cultural and social rights. It is a critique of male supremacy with efforts in changing this to end the social oppression of women. (Hooks, 2000) The first wave of feminism is more commonly known as the women’s liberation or women’s suffrage movement. First wave feminist’s main concern was in political power especially in terms of the right to vote, having a voice....   [tags: Feminism, Women's suffrage, Third-wave feminism]

Better Essays
2031 words (5.8 pages)

Democracy 's Third Wave By Samuel P. Huntington Essay

- In “Democracy’s Third Wave”, Samuel P. Huntington examines the creation of democracies during the third wave and questions whether they were part of a continuing “global democratic revolution” or simply a limited expansion only meant for countries that had already experienced democracy (Huntington, 1991). He does this through research based empirical study by tracing the series of events leading to democratization. There are both quantitative (in regards to economic growth and the amount/percentage of countries that democratized during all three waves) and qualitative (through historical evidence in regards to snowballing) research methods....   [tags: Democracy, Oligarchy, Liberal democracy]

Better Essays
863 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The Social Movement Of Third Wave Feminism

- The social movement of third wave feminism began in the middle of the 1990s and started a new aspect of looking at the feminists perspectives in the world. The third wave of feminism is the beginnings of a social movement in regards to gender equality, sexuality and defining “womanhood”. Third wave feminism covers a broad spectrum however, not just gender equality, sexuality and defining “womanhood” but; crime against women, challenging women standards, the use of derogatory words that turn women against women, and the old school ideology of women being subservient to men, are just to name a few of the issues that cycle within third wave feminism....   [tags: Feminism, Women's rights, Gender]

Better Essays
1114 words (3.2 pages)

The Second Wave Transition Of The United States Essay

- The Fourth Wave Transition It was less that 100 years ago that women in the United States were granted the right to suffrage. America, a nation that was founded on the premise of representation for all its citizens, took nearly 150 years to grant half of it’s population the ability to be represented by their government. The road to suffrage was in no way an easy journey. Women across the world used any means necessary, often resorting to violence in order for their voice to be heard. In America, the first wave of feminism from 1860-1920 was just the beginning of a battle that is still being fought today (Hannam 2007, 49)....   [tags: Feminism, Second-wave feminism, Feminist theory]

Better Essays
1635 words (4.7 pages)

We've Only Just Begun: Translating Third Wave Theory Into Third Wave Activism

- We've Only Just Begun: Translating Third Wave Theory Into Third Wave Activism After graduating from college in 1999 with a degree in Women's and Gender Studies, I was looking forward to beginning my new job as an abortion counselor at the local Planned Parenthood clinic. I envisioned working in a strong feminist community committed to a women's right to control her reproduction. On my first day I was ordered to prepare the doctor's scrubs and get his coffee while I observed him chastise women during the procedure for not using birth control....   [tags: Free Essays Online]

Free Essays
2798 words (8 pages)