The theme that relates the three books Electra, Apology and the Crito is Justice. Examining the two definitions of Justice that are from each of the three books. Doing this is a way to compare the differences and similarities between each book and more importantly the difference between the different definitions of Justice. The definition that the main character of Electra uses as the definition is Justice is Punishment for unlawfulness with more unlawfulness to satisfy Electra’s own self-interest.
The book Electra was written approximately in 450- 440 BC by Sophocles. It is a Greek tragedy that has strong connections to Homer’s Odyssey. The book is biased on the story of Electra and her brother Orestes, they take vengeance in their mother and Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus for murdering their father Agamemnon after he returns home from the Trojan War. The book consists of Orestes returning as an adult, and not a little boy like he was when he was sent away before his mother could kill him, to help Electra to kill Aegisthus. Electra speaks of Justice for her father’s murder but all she wants in revenge.
Electra has a very different definition of Justice than Socrates. Socrates is the main character in Plato’s Crito, the Crito takes place in approximately 399-347BC. Socrates a man who devoted his life to ask questions and find the truth about why he was the wisest man in Athens after the Oracle of Delphi said he was. Which is very strange because the Oracle spoke in riddles. The Crito takes place while Socrates is awaiting his execution in a prison cell, the Crito is a dialogue between Socrates and one of his devoted followers Crito. Crito has come to tell Socrates that they have a boat waiting for him and his fam...
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... something so they took it. By definition doing that is revenge not Justice. That is human nature and is what happens often. It is also part of the human nature to fight this urge to take revenge, which in the mind of the person wanting revenge is Justice. This is what Socrates does even when he believed he was wrongly charged. He chooses not to do another injustice. He chooses to fight the urge and he stays even though the cost of making the Just decision is death.
To the question of which definition of Justice is the correct definition? Revenge only creates more injustice but a balance corrects the injustice that was originally done. Choosing not to act is very hard when it is human nature to seek what is owed but just because it is human nature doesn’t mean it cannot be overcome. Justice is larger than just one person it takes a whole society to achieve Justice.
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